Content

Literaturverzeichnis in:

Katja Christina Hirmer

Frank Ryan, page 395 - 418

Nationalist, Freiheitskämpfer – und Nazi-Kollaborateur?

1. Edition 2020, ISBN print: 978-3-8288-4398-1, ISBN online: 978-3-8288-7391-9, https://doi.org/10.5771/9783828873919-395

Tectum, Baden-Baden
Bibliographic information
Literaturverzeichnis Unveröffentlichte Quellen – Archivakten: Archiv der Humboldt-Universität, Berlin (HUA) Personalakte Francis Stuart BACM Research Paperless Archives (BACM), USA Irish Republican Army File Bundesarchiv Berlin (BArch), Berlin-Lichterfeld Berlin Document Center: Personalakte Paul Winzer Bundesarchiv Militärarchiv, Freiburg im Breisgau (BAMA) Logbuch U 65 NS-Akten (Schulen der Waffen-SS) RM-Akten (Marinekommandoamt) RW-Akten: Länderberichte von Vertrauensleuten des Aufklärungsausschusses Hamburg-Bremen: Irland, Nr. 1–8, 11–12 Communist Party of Ireland Archives, Dublin (CPIA) Letters form Frank Ryan to Sean Murray Deutsches U-Boot Archiv, Cuxhaven (DUBA) Sammlung U-Boot U 65 Dublin City Library and Archive (DCLA) Seán Nolan and Geoffrey Palmer Communist Party of Ireland Collection Flintshire Record Office, Hawarden, UK (FROH) Tom Jones MSS (Frank Ryan) Imperial War Museum Sound Archive, London (IWMSA) Spanish Civil War Collection Interview mit Fred Copeman Interview mit Bob Doyle (Transcript) Interview mit Walter Greenhalgh Interview mit William Kelly Interview mit Tom Murphy Interview mit Christopher Smith Institut für Zeitgeschichte, München (IfZ) Kriegstagebuch der Abwehr II, Bd. 1 Komintern in Spanien Eidesstattliche Erklärung Carl Rekowski 395 Irish Labour History Society Archives, Dublin (ILHSA) Spanish Civil War Collection Marx Memorial Library, London (MML) International Brigades Association Box Military Archives Cathal Brugha Barracks, Dublin (MACBB) Enno Stephan Collection G2 Files: Breton Autonomist Movement File John Codd I.R.A. General File, Bd. 1 Hermann Goertz File, Bd. 13 Leon Mill-Arden Seán Russell File Frank Ryan Files, Bd. 1 und Bd. 2 Guy Vissault de Coetlogon National Archives, College Park, MD (NA) OSS Archives Memo on the I.R.A. OSS Archives Memo on Helmuth Clissmann National Archives of Ireland, Dublin (NAI) Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) Department of Justice and Equality, Crime and Security Division (JUS) New Releases, 2008 Department of the Taoiseach (TSCH/TAOIS) National Library of Ireland, Dublin (NLI) Annie O’Farrelly Papers Hannah Sheehy-Skeffington Papers Joseph McGarrity Papers Rosamond Jacob Papers Seán O’Casey Papers Sean O’Mahoney Papers Shane Leslie Papers National Maritime Museum Greenwich, London (NMMG) Godfrey Collection GOD/80 Politisches Archiv, Auswärtiges Amt, Berlin (PA, AA) Botschaft Washington, Bd. 1 Botschaft Rom Quirinal Büro des Staatssekretärs – Irland, Bd. 1 Diplomatische und konsularische Vertretungen Irlands im Ausland und umgekehrt, Bd. 1 Diplomatische und konsularische Vertretungen Irlands in Deutschland, Bd. 1 Gesandtschaft Bern geheim, Bd. 5 Gesandtschaft Madrid, Bd. 1 Inland II g – Geheime Reichssachen Inland II g – Waffen SS: England – Aufstellung einer engl. SS-Formation Geheime Reichssache – Verschiedenes Bd. 1 Innere Politik, Parlaments- und Parteiwesen in Irland, Bd. 4 Innere Politik, Parlaments- und Parteiwesen, Bd. 36 Innere Politik, Parlaments- und Parteiwesen – Spanien, Bd. 41 Literaturverzeichnis 396 Jahresbericht der deutschen Auslandsbehörden, Bd. 1 Länderakten – Irland Politische Angelegenheiten – Spanien, Bd. 9 Politische Beziehungen zwischen England und Irland, Bd. 2 Politische Beziehungen zwischen Irland und Deutschland, Bd. 2 Southern Illinois University (SIU), Carbondale, USA Geoffrey Elborn Collection 1902–1990 Francis Stuart Papers Staatsarchiv, Nürnberg (StA) KV Anklage Dr. Veesenmayer, Rep. 502 V6 The National Archives Kew, London (NAK) Cabinet Files (CAB) Dominions Office (DO) Foreign Office (FO) Political Departments: General Correspondence from 1906–1966 POLITICAL: WESTERN: Spain. British prisoners of war KV – Records of the Security Service: KV 2/301, KV 2/302, KV 2/303 Guy Vissault de Coetlogon KV 2/769 Dr. Kurt Haller KV 2/1185 Sean Murray KV 2/1291, KV 2 /1292 Frank Ryan KV 2/1450 Stephen Carroll Held KV 2/1976 Wolfgang Hans Friedrich Blaum KV 2/3410 Olivier Marie Joseph Mordrelle KV 3/120 IRA and Germany KV 4/9 Report on the operations of B1H in connection with Northern Ireland and Eire during the Second World War KV 4/449 Assessment of the security problems of a neutral Eire from report on German Intelligence Service (GIS) activities in Eire during the war 1939–1945 KV 6/79 Dr. Josef Hoven KV 6/80, KV 6/81 Helmut Clissmann, Elizabeth Clissmann, Bd. 1 und Bd. 2 Primeminister (PREM) University College Dublin Archives, Dublin (UCDA) Ernest Blythe Papers Síghle Uí Dhonnchadha Papers Desmond FitzGerald Papers IRA Southern Command Seán MacEntee Papers Desmond Ryan Papers Moss Twomey Papers Unveröffentlichte Quellen – Archivakten: 397 University of Limerick, Special Collections Library (SCL UL) Robert Stradling Collection University of Ulster at Coleraine, Belfast, Special Collections (SPUUC) Francis Stuart Papers Parlamentsdebatten: Constitution (Amendment No. 17) Bill, 1931—Allocation of Time Motion, Dáil Éireann Online: http://historical-debates.oireachtas.ie/D/0040/D.0040.193110140031.html [04.09.2010] Masterarbeit: Munshaw, Harvey Daniel, „Extra! Extra! Read All About It: The British And American Press’ Coverage of German-Soviet Collaboration, 1917–1928“, Masterarbeit, Wichita State University, 2008, 53ff. Wichita State University Libraries – SOAR: Shocker Open Access Repository. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://soar.wichita.edu/bitstream/handle/10057/6828/t13030_Munshaw.pdf? sequence=1 [01.09.2016] Dissertationen: Duggan, John P. „Herr Hempel at the German Legation in Dublin, 1937–1945“. Dissertation. Trinity College Dublin, 1979 Cullen Joan M., „Patrick J. Hogan. TD. Minister For Agriculture. 1922–1932 – A Study Of A Leading Member Of The First Government Of Independent Ireland“, Ph.D. thesis, Dublin City University, 1993, 27. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://doras.dcu.ie/18460/1/Joan_M_Cullen.pdf [26. August 2014] Geinitz, Frank Peter, Die Falange Española und ihr Gründer José Antonio Primo de Rivera (1903– 1936) – im Rahmen der Bewältigung der Vergangenheit der Zweiten Spanischen Republik (1931–1939). 2008. [Online]. o. D.. URL: https://edoc.ub.uni-muenchen.de/8429/1/Geinitz_ Frank-Peter.pdf [19. Juli 2017] Mark Phelan, „Irish responses to Fascist Italy, 1919–1932“, Ph.D. thesis, National University of Ireland Galway, 2012. [Online]. 07. Januar 2013, URL: https://aran.library.nuigalway.ie/bitstream/ handle/10379/3401/Irish%20responses%20to%20Fascist%20Italy,%201919-1932,%20by%20 Mark%20Phelan.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y [07.01.2018] Whelan, Barry. Ireland and Spain, 1939–55: Cultural, Economic and Political Relations from Neutrality in the Second World War to Joint Membership of the United Nations: 80. [Online]. Januar 2012. URL: http://eprints.maynoothuniversity.ie/4075/1/BW_Thesis.pdf [08.03.2016] Interview: Duggan, John P. Interview. Geführt am 5. Mai, 2007, Blackrock, Co. Dublin Literaturverzeichnis 398 Zeitungen/Zeitschriften: An Cosantóir Burdick, Charles. „‚Gruen‘, German Military Plans and Ireland, 1940“. An Cosantóir 34 Nr. 3 (1974): 77–80 Cox, Colm. „Militär Geographische Angaben über Irland“. An Cosantóir 35 Nr. 3 (1975): 83–96 Cox, Colm. „Wir Fahren Gegen Irland?“. An Cosantóir 34 Nr. 5 (Mai 1974): 141–144 Duggan, John P. „The German Threat – Myth or Reality“. An Cosantóir 49 Nr. 9 (September 1989): 6–11 An Phoblacht An Phoblacht – About us. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.anphoblacht.com/about [24.02.2015] An Phoblacht – Feature. [Online]. 11. September 2008. URL: http://www.anphoblacht.com/news/de tail/35114 [30. August 2010] Mac Donncha, Micheál. „Remembering the Past: Frank Ryan“. [Online]. 11. September 2008. URL: http://www.anphoblacht.com/contents/19093 [04. August 2014] Mac Donncha, Micheál. „Remembering the Past: Republican Congress – The Athlone Manifesto“. An Phoblacht (2. April 2009). [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.anphoblacht.com/print/19902 14.07.2015] Cathair Na Mart Stradling, Robert A. „A War of Ideals? Irish Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939“. Cathair Na Mart 15 (1995): 110–118 Die Welt Seewald, Bertold. „Teruel – Eisige Wende im Spanischen Bürgerkrieg“. Die Welt, 28. Dezember 2012. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.welt.de/geschichte/zweiter-weltkrieg/article112266678/ Teruel-eisige-Wende-im-Spanischen-Buergerkrieg.html [06.06.2016] Die Zeit Laeuen, Harald. „André Marty – Die Tragödie des ewigen Revolutionärs“. Die Zeit (25. September 1952). [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.zeit.de/1952/39/andre-marty [25.09.2016] Evening Herald Stuart, Francis. „Frank Ryan: not one of our sinister patriots“. Evening Herald, (14. November 1980): ohne Seitenzahl Frankfurter Zeitung Zeitungsausschnitt „Generalfeldmarschall Sperrle – Seit vierzig Jahres aktiver Soldat.“. Frankfurter Zeitung Nr. 339, 6. Juli, 1943, Digitalisierung der Pressearchive von HWWA und IfW – Sperrle, Hugo. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://webopac.hwwa.de/digiview/DigiView_PND.cfm?PND=12996 6207 [25.09.2016] Galway Advertiser McGinley, Paul. „A forgotten Night at Galway Docks“. Galway Advertiser (12. Februar 2009). [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.advertiser.ie/galway/article/8405/a-forgotten-night-at-galwaydocks [01.09.2015] Zeitungen/Zeitschriften: 399 Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television Davies, .Alan „The First Radio War: Broadcasting in the Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939“. Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television Vol. 19, No. 4, (1999): 473–513 History Ainsworth, John S. „Kevin Barry, the incident at Monk's Bakery and the making of an Irish Republican legend.“. History 87 Nr. 287 (2002): 372–387 History Ireland Kelly, Darren. „The Irish Free State’s first diplomats: jealousy, anti-Semitism and revenge“, History Ireland 1 Nr. 24 (Januar/Februar 2016): ohne Seitenzahl. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.historyireland.com/volume-24/the-irish-free-states-first-diplomats-jealousy-anti-semitism-and-reve nge/ [12.01.2018] O’Donoghue, David. „New evidence on IRA/Nazi links“. History Ireland 19 Nr. 2 (März/April 2011): 36–39 Hanley, Brian. „‚Oh Here’s to Adolph Hitler‘? – The IRA and the Nazis“. History Ireland 13 Nr. 3 (May/June 2005): 31–35. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.historyireland.com/20th-century-con temporary-history/oh-heres-to-adolph-hitler-the-IRA-and-the-nazis/ [02.11.2013] Staunton, Enda. „Frank Ryan & Collaboration: a reassessment“. History Ireland 5, Nr. 3 (Herbst 1997): 49–51 International Press Correspondence Donnelly, Charles. „Eleventh Hour for the Irish Republican Army“. International Press Correspondence (4. July 1936). [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.workersrepublic.org/Pages/Ireland/Comm unism/eleventhhour.html [12. April 2011] International Socialism Journal Durgan, Andy „Freedom fighters or Comintern army? The International Brigades in Spain“. International Socialism Journal 84 (Herbst 1999): 1. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://pubs.socialistrevi ewindex.org.uk/isj84/durgan.htm [10. Februar 2012] Irish Archives Journal of the Irish Society for Archives Matthews, Ann. „Archive of the Communist Party of Ireland“. Irish Archives Journal of the Irish Society for Archives 9. Winter 2003–2004. 41–50 Irish Democrat „Dublin Fascists Routed – Great Forces Rally for Frank Ryan“. Irish Democrat, 3. Juli 1937. [Online]. 5. August 2008. URL: http://www.reocities.com/irelandscw/part-3707IrDem.htm#370703 Routed [01. September 2012] „Franco Fascists use Women and Children as Cover – Frank Ryan describes recent heavy fighting on the centre front“. Irish Democrat, 28. August 1937. [Online]. 5. August 2008. URL: http://irela ndscw.com/part-3707IrDem.htm [07. September 2012] „Frank Ryan Promoted“. Irish Democrat, 30. Oktober 1937. [Online]. 5. August 2008. URL: http:// www.oocities.org/irelandscw/part-IrDem3709-10.htm [11. September 2012] „Frank Ryan Speaks from Madrid“. Irish Democrat, 6. November 1937. [Online]. 5. August 2008. URL: http://irelandscw.com/part-IrDem3711-12.htm [19. September 2012] „I met Frank Ryan at the Front“. Irish Democrat, 17. Juli 1937. [Online]. 5. August 2008. URL: http:/ /irelandscw.com/part-IrDem3709-10.htm [11. September 2012] Literaturverzeichnis 400 Prendergast, Jim. „Our Boys go into action of Jarama – ‚Check the Advance‘“. Irish Democrat, 13. November 1937, Ireland and the Spanish Civil War – Articles reprinted from the Irish Democrat. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://irelandscw.com/part-IrDem3711-12.htm [6. August 2012] „They sang ‚Wrap the Green Flag Round Me‘ – The Irish Charge on the Madrid Front – Madrid“. Irish Democrat, 24. Juli 1937, Ireland and the Spanish Civil War – Articles on Ireland and the SCW. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://irelandscw.com/part-3707IrDem.htm [6. August 2012] Irish Examiner „75 Years since the IRA bombed Coventry“. Irish Examiner, 25. August 2014. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.irishexaminer.com/viewpoints/analysis/75-years-since-the-ira-bombed-coventry-28 3375.html [07.04.2016] Irish Historical Studies English, Richard. „Socialism and republican schism in Ireland: the emergence of the Republican Congress in 1934“. Irish Historical Studies XXVII Nr. 105 (May 1990): 48–65 Irish Journal of Public Policy Corcoran, Donal. „Public Policy in an emerging state: The Irish Free State 1922–25“. Irish Journal of Public Policy Vol. 1 Nr. 1 (2009). [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://publish.ucc.ie/ijpp/2009/01/ corcoran/05/en [16.06.2015] Irish Studies in International Affairs Keogh, Dermot. „Profile of Joseph Walshe, Secretary, Department of Foreign Affairs, 1922–46“. Irish Studies in International Affairs Band 3, Heft 2 (1990): 59–80 Irish Studies Review Maguire, Mark. „The space of the nation: History, culture and a conflict in modern Ireland“. Irish Studies Review Vol. 6 No. 2, (1998): 109–120 Journal of the Waterford Archaeological & Historical Society O’Connor, Emmet. „Behind the legend: Waterfordmen in the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War“. Journal of the Waterford Archaeological & Historical Society 61, (2005), 267–285. Irish Labouring Class History- an exploration of class and class relations in Ireland. [Online]. 3. Mai 2009. URL: http://irishlabour.com/?p=18 [10. Oktober 2012] Junge Freiheit Tevenar, Gert. „Angriff auf die französische Zentralmacht“, Junge Freiheit 18/00 (28. April 2000). [Online]. 2013. URL: http://jungefreiheit.de/service/archiv/?www.jf-archiv.de/archiv00/180yy30. htm [03. Januar 2014] Jungle World Varin, Violaine „Action bretonne – Einst kollaborierten bretonische Nationalisten mit den Nazis, später legten sie Bomben.“. 17. Juli 2002, Jungle World Nr. 30. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://jungleworld.com/artikel/2002/29/23576.html [03. Januar 2014] Living Age Lyons, C. A. „The Man Behind The Bombs“. Living Age 357 (September 1939): 43–46 Zeitungen/Zeitschriften: 401 Magill Farrell, Michael. „The Extraordinary Life and Times of Sean MacBride – Part One“, Magill Vol. 6 Nr. 3 (Dezember 1982): 17–28 Farrell, Michael. „The Extraordinary Life and Times of Sean MacBride – Part Two“, Magill Vol. 6 Nr. 4 (Januar 1983): 25–37 Men-at-Arms Quesada, Alejandro de. „The Spanish Civil War (1): Nationalist Forces“. Men-at-Arms Nr. 495 (Mai 2014), 3–42 New Masses Dorland, Norman E. „In Franco’s Prison Camp – An American Reports His Experiences“. New Masses (22. November 1938): 16–19 Old Limerick Journal Michael McInerney, „The Enigma of Frank Ryan – Part One“, Old Limerick Journal Nr. 1 (Dezember 1979): 25–28 Michael McInerney, „The Enigma of Frank Ryan – Part Two“, Old Limerick Journal Nr. 2 (März 1980): 32–34 Saothár Jonathan Hammill, „Saor Éire And The IRA: An Exercise in Deception?“. Saothar Nr. 20 (1995): 56– 66 Aodh Ò Canainn, „Oral History – Eilís Ryan In Her Own Words“, Saothar Nr. 21 (1996): 129–146 Socialist Voice „Nora Harkin“. Socialist Voice, Juli 2012. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.communistpartyofireland .ie/sv2012-07/09-nora.html [24.05.2016] The Bell Stuart, Francis. „Frank Ryan in Germany – Part I“. The Bell XVI Nr. 2 (November 1950): 37–42 Stuart, Francis. „Frank Ryan in Germany – Part II“. The Bell XVI Nr. 3 (November 1950): 38–40 The Derry Journal McMonagle, Michael. „The Derry man who watched the rise of Hitler“. Derry Journal, 20. April 2012. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.derryjournal.com/news/the-derry-man-who-watchedthe-rise-of-hitler-1-3754994 [15.09.2016] The Irish Post „Dolan in Spain“, The Irish Post. 14. Juli 1979. [Online]. 14. Januar 2005. URL: http://www.reocities. com/irelandscw/part-EchoPostetc.htm [12. September 2012] The Irish Times Bréadún, Beaglán de. „An Irishman’s Diary“. The Irish Times, 8. Juni 2005, 15 Garvin, Tom. „Showing Blueshirts in their true colours“. The Irish Times, 12. Januar 2001, 16 Literaturverzeichnis 402 McGreevy, Ronan. „1916 courts martial and executions: Patrick Pearse“, The Irish Times, 3. Mai 2016. [Online]. o. D.. URL: https://www.irishtimes.com/culture/heritage/1916-courts-martial-an d-executions-patrick-pearse-1.2631146 [01.03.2020] McInerney, Michael. „The Road to Madrid – Frank Ryan Profile 1“. The Irish Times, 7. April 1975, 10 McInerney, Michael. „The Swing to the Left – Frank Ryan Profile 2“. The Irish Times, 8. April 1975, 14 McInerney, Michael, „Up the Republic – in Spain – Frank Ryan Profile 3“. The Irish Times, 9. April 1975, 7 McInerney, Michael. „In Jail For Democracy – Frank Ryan Profile 4“. The Irish Times, 10. April 1975, 5 McInerney, Michael. „He saw a vision and he followed it – Frank Ryan Profile 5“. The Irish Times, 10. April 1975, 12 McInerney, Michael. „Peadar O’Donnell – Part 4“. The Irish Times, 4. April 1968, 12 McInerney, Michael. „The Rise of Fascism – Peadar O’Donnell: A portrait-in-depth-6“. The Irish Times, 6. April 1967, 13 „Military honours for Ryan at exhumation“. The Irish Times. 19. Juni 1979, 17 O’Brien, Eileen. „Widespread tributes paid at funeral of Frank Ryan“. The Irish Times, 23. Juni 1979, 6 „Ryan’s body flown to Dublin“. The Irish Times, 21. Juni 1979, 1, 5 „Ryan’s sister unable to attend ceremony“. The Irish Times, 25. Juni 1979, 5 Siggins, Lorna. „An Irishwoman’s Diary“. The Irish Times, 23. September 1992, 13 „Spain Torn and Bleeding – Cardinal MacRory appeals for prayer“. The Irish Times, 21. September 1936, 7 Stuart, Francis. „Extracts from a Berlin Diary – kept intermittently between 1940 and 1944“. The Irish Times, 29. Januar 1976, 10 White, Trevor. „An ‚absolute nobody‘ and Dublin’s most popular politician“, The Irish Times, 30. September 2017. [Online]. o. D.. URL: https://www.irishtimes.com/culture/books/anabsolute-nobody-and-dublin-s-most-popular-politician-1.3235780 [05.01.2018] The Irish Story Dorney, John. „Film Review: The Enigma of Frank Ryan“. The Irish Story (19. Februar 2012). [Online]. 30. Mai 2012. URL: http://www.theirishstory.com/2012/02/19/film-review-the-enigma-offrank-ryan/#.VKqYAHt576h [05.01.2015] The Journal of American History William M. Leary Jr., „Woodrow Wilson, Irish Americans, and the Election of 1916“. The Journal of American History Vol. 54. Nr. 1 (Juni 1967): 57 The Left Review Peadar O’Donnell, „The Irish Struggle To-day“. The Left Review 2, Nr. 7 (April 1936): 297–300 The Monarchist „The Post of High Commissoner“. The Monarchist 22. Mai 2008. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www. webring.org/l/rd?ring=royalist;id=64;url=http%3A%2F%2Fthemonarchist2.blogspot.com%2F20 08%2F05%2Fpost-of-high-commissioner.html [04.06.2016] Zeitungen/Zeitschriften: 403 The Sligo Champion O'Donoghue, David. „Sligo woman’s links to the Old IRA and Nazi Germany“. The Sligo Champion, 25. April 2012. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.independent.ie/regionals/sligochampion/news/ sligo-womans-links-to-the-old-ira-and-nazi-germany-27591093.html [09. Juni 2017] Working Papers in Irish Studies O’Connor, Emmet. „Mutiny or sabotage? The Irish defection to the Abraham Lincoln Battalion in the Spanish Civil War“. Working Papers in Irish Studies, working paper 09–3 (3), (2009): 2–11. University of Ulster – Ulster Institutional Repository. [Online]. 11. September 2011. URL: http://e prints.ulster.ac.uk/19998/ [10. Oktober 2012] Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie Arndt Wigger, „Nachruf auf Hans Hartmann“, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie Band 53 Nr. 1 (2003): 259–266 Literaturverzeichnis 404 Bücher: Abendroth, Hans-Henning. „Deutschlands Rolle im spanischen Bürgerkrieg“. In: Funke, Manfred (Hrsg.). Hitler, Deutschland und die Mächte. Düsseldorf: Droste Verlag, 1976, 471–488 Adelman, Paul und Pearce, Robert. Great Britain and the Irish Question 1800–1922. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 2001 Alexander, Bill. British Volunteers for Liberty: Spain 1936- 1939. London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1982 Alpert, Michael. A New International History of the Spanish Civil War. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004 Alpert, Michael. The Republican Army in the Spanish Civil War 1936–1939. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007 Anderson, W. K. James Connolly and the Irish Left. Blackrock: Irish Academic Press, 1994 Andrew, Christopher. „Bletchley Park in Pre-War Perspective“. In: Erskine, Ralph und Smith Michael (Hrsg.). The Bletchley Park Codebreakers – How Ultra Shortened The War And Led To The Birth Of The Computer. London: Biteback Publishing, 2011. 1–12 Andrews, C. S. Man of no Property. Dublin: The Mercier, 1982 Baxell, Richard. British Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War – The British Battalion in the International Brigades, 1936–1939. London: Routledge, 2004 Baxell, Richard. Unlikely Warriors – The British in the Spanish Civil War and the Struggle Against Fascism. London: Aurum Press, 2012 Beckh, Joachim. Blitz & Anker, Band 2: Informationstechnik, Geschichte & Hintergründe. Norderstedt: Books on Demand, 2005 Beddies, Thomas. „Universitätspsychiatrie im Dritten Reich. Die Nervenklinik der Charité unter Bonhoeffer und de Crinis“. Die Berliner Universität unterm Hakenkreuz – Bd. 2, Fachbereiche und Fakultäten – Bd. 2. In: Bruch, Rüdiger vom (Hrsg.). Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2005, 55– 72 Bennett, Richard. The Black and Tans. New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1995 Bentzien, Hans. Division Brandenburg: Die Rangers von Admiral Canaris. Godern: Edition Digital Pekrul & Sohn GbR, 2015 Berg, Angela. Die Internationalen Brigaden im Spanischen Bürgerkrieg 1936–1939. Essen: Klartext Verlag, 2005 Bernecker, Walther L. und Brinkmann, Sören. Kampf der Erinnerungen – Der Spanische Bürgerkrieg in Politik und Gesellschaft 1936–2008. Nettersheim: Verlag Graswurzelrevolution, 2008 Bernecker, Walter L. Geschichte Spaniens im 20. Jahrhundert. München: Verlag C. H. Beck, 2010 Bernecker, Walther L. Krieg in Spanien 1936–1939. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1991 Bernecker, Walter L. Spaniens Geschichte seit dem Bürgerkrieg. München: Verlag C. H. Beck, 1984 Bernecker, Walter L. Spanische Geschichte: Vom 15. Jahrhundert bis zur Gegenwart. München: Verlag C. H. Beck, 2006 Beuth, Heinrich W. „Regiert wird schriftlich: Bericht, Weisung und Vorlage“. In: Brandt, Enrico und Buck, Christian (Hrsg.). Auswärtiges Amt. Diplomatie als Beruf. Opladen: Leske + Budrich, 2003, 119–128 Bewley, Charles. Memoirs Of A Wild Goose. Dublin: The Lilliput Press, 1989 Bielenberg, Andy und Ryan, Raymond. An Economic History of Ireland Since Independence. New York: Routledge, 2013 Bookchin, Murray. The Spanish Anarchists: The Heroic Years 1868–1936. New York: Harper Colophon Books, 1978 Bücher: 405 Bowyer Bell, J. „Ireland and the Spanish Civil War 1936 to 1939“. In: Klaus, H. Gustav (Hrsg.). Strong Words Brave Deeds – The Poetry, Life and Times of Thomas O’Brien – Volunteer in the Spanish Civil War. Dublin: The O’Brien Press, 1994, 240–266 Bowyer Bell, J. The Secret Army – The IRA, 1916–1947. Dublin: Poolbeg Press, 1989 Boyce, D. G. The Irish Question and British Politics 1868–1986. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1988 Bramstedt, E. K. Dictatorship and Political Police: The Technique of Control by Fear. Abingdon: Routledge, 2003 Breuer, Rolf. Irland – Eine Einführung in seine Geschichte, Literatur und Kultur. München: Fink Verlag, 2003 Brome, Vincent. The International Brigades – Spain 1936–38. London: Heinemann, 1965 Buckley, Ciaran und Ward, Chris. Strong Farmer: The Memoirs of Joe Ward. Dublin: Liberty Press, 2007 Buckley, David N. James Fintan Lalor: Radical. Cork: Cork University Press, 1990 Busch, Nikolaus. Die außerparlamentarische, republikanische Bewegung in Irland 1925–1945. München: Grin Verlag, 2013 Byrne, Joseph Leo. The Spanish Civil War Collection – Sound Archive – Oral History Recordings. Trustees of the Imperial War Museum (Hrsg.).London: British Library Cataloguing, 1996 Byrne, Patrick. Memories of the Republican Congress. London: Connolly Association, o. D. Byrne, Patrick The Irish Republican Congress Revisited. London: Connolly Publication Ltd., 1994 Campenhausen, Hans Freiherr von u.a. Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Handwörterbuch für Theologie und Religionswissenschaft Band 6. Galling. Kurt (Hrsg.). Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr, 1962 Carr, Edward Hallett. German-Soviet Relations Between The Two World Wars, 1919–1939. New York: Harper & Row, 1966 Carter, Carolle J. The Shamrock and the Swastika – German Espionage in Ireland in World War II. Palo Alto: Pacific Books, 1977 Claudin, Fernando. Die Krise der Kommunistischen Bewegung. Die Krise der Kommunistischen Internationale. Berlin: Olle & Wolter, 1977 Cloutier, Patrick und Esercito, Regio. The Italian Royal Army in Musssolini’s Wars, 1935–1943. www.lulu.com, 2013 Coleman, Marie. The Irish Revolution, 1916–1923. London: Routledge, 2014 Collado Seidel, Carlos. Der Spanische Bürgerkrieg – Geschichte eines europäischen Konflikts. München: Verlag C. H. Beck, 2006 Communist Party of Great Britain. They fought in Franco's jails: how members of the British Battalion of the International Brigade organised after being taken prisoner by the fascists. London: Communist Party of Great Britain, 1939 Contrell, Peter. The Irish Civil War 1922–23. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2008 Coogan, Timothy Patrick. Ireland since the Rising. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1966 Coogan, Timothy Patrick. The IRA. London: Fontana, 1987 Copeman, Fred. Reason in Revolt. London: Blandford Press, 1948 Cronin, Mike. The Blueshirts and Irish Politics. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 1997 Cronin, Seán. Frank Ryan – The Search for the Republic. Dublin: Repsol Publishing, 1980 Crowley, Tony. The Politics of Language in Ireland 1366–1922: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, 2000 Cushing, Red. Soldier For Hire – The Many Army Careers of Red Cushing. London: John Calder, 1962 Dangerfield, George. The damnable question – A Study in Anglo-Irish Relations. London: Quartet Books, 1979 Literaturverzeichnis 406 Dickel, Horst. Die deutsche Außenpolitik und die irische Frage von 1932 bis 1944. Wiesbaden: Steiner Verlag, 1983 Donnelly, Joseph. Charlie Donnelly: The Life and Poems. Dublin: Dedalus Press, 1987 Doerries, Reinhard R. Prelude to the Easter Rising – Sir Roger Casement in Imperial Germany. London: Frank Cass, 2000 Doyle, Bob. Brigadista – An Irishman’s Fight Against Fascism. Dublin: Currach Press, 2006 Dudgeon, Jeffrey. Roger Casement – The Black Diaries with a study of his background, sexuality and Irish political life. Belfast: Belfast Press, 2002 Duggan, John P. Herr Hempel at the German Legation in Dublin 1937–1945. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2003 Dwyer, T. Ryle. Guests of the State- The story of Allied and Axis servicemen interned in Ireland during World War II. Dingle: Brandon Books, 1994 Dwyer, T. Ryle. Michael Collins – the man who won the war. Cork: Mercier Press, 2009 The Earl of Longford und O’Neill, Thomas P. Eamon de Valera. London: Hutchinson & Co., 1970 Edwards, Ruth Dudley. Patrick Pearse – The Triumph of Failure. Dublin: Pooleg Press Ltd, 1990 English, Richard, Armed Struggle: The History of the IRA. London: Pan Books, 2004 English, Richard. Radicals and the Republic – Socialist Republicanism in the Irish Free State 1925– 1937. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994 Elvert, Jürgen. Vom Freistaat zur Republik. Der aussenpolitische Faktor im irischen Unabhängigkeitsstreben zwischen 1921 und 1948. Bochum: Studienverlag Brockmeyer, 1989 Esenwein, George R. The Spanish Civil War – A Modern Tragedy. New York: Routledge, 2005 Farndale, Nigel. Haw-Haw – The Tragedy of William and Margaret Joyce. London: Pan Books, 2006 Fairfield, Letitia (Hrsg). The Trail of Peter Barnes and Others (The I.R.A. Coventry Explosion of 1939). London: William Hodge and Company Ltd., 1953 Ferguson, Niall. The War of the World – Twentieth-Century Conflict and the Descent of the West. New York: The Penguin Press, 2006 Ferriter, Diarmand. The Transformation of Ireland 1900–2000. London: Profile Books, 2004 Fischer, Joachim. Das Deutschlandbild der Iren 1890–1939 – Geschichte – Form – Funktion. Heidelberg: Winter, 2000 Fisk, Robert. In Time of War – Ireland, Ulster and the Price of Neutrality 1939–45. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan, 1983 Fitzpatrick, David. The Two Irelands, 1912–1939. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998 Fleming, Neil. O’Day, Alan. The Longman handbook of modern Irish history since 1800. Harlow: Pearson/Longman, 2005 Fleming, Peter. Operation Sealion – The projected invasion of England in 1940 – An account of the German preparations and the British countermeasures. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1957 Foley, Conor. Legion of the Rearguard – The IRA and the Modern Irish State. London: Pluto Press, 1992 Foot, M. R. D. „Foreword“, in William J. M. Mackenzie, The Secret History of SOE – the special operations executive, 1940–1945. London: St. Ermin’s Press, 2002, xi-xxvii Foster, Gavin M. The Irish Civil War – Politics, Class and Conflict. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015 Freidel, Frank. The Splendid Little War – The Dramatic Story Of The Spanish-American War. Short Hills, Burford Books, 2002 Geck, Stefan. Dulag Luft / Auswertstelle West – Vernehmungslager der Luftwaffe für westalliierte Kriegsgefangene im Zweiten Weltkrieg. Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang, 2008 Bücher: 407 Geiser, Carl. Prisoners of the Good Fight – The Spanish Civil War, 1938–1939. Westport, Connecticut: Lawrence Hill & Company, 1986 Gilmore, George. The Irish Republican Congress. Cork: The Cork Workers Club, 1974 Gray, Daniel. Homage to Caledonia: Scotland and the Spanish Civil War. Edinburgh: Luath Press Ltd, 2013 Gurney, Jason. Crusade in Spain. London: Faber & Faber, 1974 Hanley, Brian. The IRA, 1926–1936. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2002 Harkness, David. Ireland in the Twentieth Century – Divided Island. London: Macmillan Press, 1996 Herold, Heiko. Reichgewalt bedeutet Seegewalt – Die Kreuzergeschwader der Kaiserlichen Marine als Instrument der deutschen Kolonial- und Weltpolitik 1885 bis 1901. München, Oldenbourg Verlag, 2013 Hoar, Adrian. In Red and Green – The Lives of Frank Ryan. Tralee: Brandon Books, 2004 Hogan, James. Could Ireland Become Communist? – The Facts in Full. Dublin: privater Druck, 1935 Holmes, Colin. Searching for Lord Haw-Haw – The political lives of William Joyce. London: Routledge, 2016 Hopkins, James K. Into the Heart of the Fire: The British in the Spanish Civil War. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2000 Hopkinson, Michael. Green Against Green – The Irish Civil War. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1988 Hull, Mark M. Irish Secrets – German Espionage in Wartime Ireland 1939–1945. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2003 Hünseler, Wolfgang. Das Deutsche Kaiserreich und die Irische Frage 1900–1914. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1978 Hutton, Christopher. Linguistics and the Third Reich: Mother-tongue Fascism, race and the science of language. London: Routledge, 1999 Ipsen, Knut. Völkerrecht. München: C. H. Beck, 2004 Jackson, Alvin. Home Rule – An Irish History, 1800–2000. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003 Jackson, Alvin. Ireland 1798–1998 – War, Peace and Beyond. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010 Jackson, Gabriel. The Spanish Republic And The Civil War, 1931–1939. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972 Jaspers, Hinrich. Maximinian de Crinis (1889–1945) – Eine Studie zur Psychiatrie im Nationalsozialismus. Husum: Matthiesen Verlag, 1991 Johnston, Verle B. Legions of Babel – The International Brigades In The Spanish Civil War. London: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1967 Kelly, Laura. Irish Medical Education and Student Culture, c. 1850–1950. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2017 Kelly, M. J. The Fenian Ideal and Irish Nationalism. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2006 Kennedy, Michael und O’Halpin, Eunan. Ireland and the Council of Europe: From Isolation towards Integration. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publ., 2000 Kennedy, Michael. Ireland and the League of Nations, 1919–1946 – International relations, diplomacy and politics. Blackrock: Irish Academic Press, 1996 Kennedy, Michael. „Leopold Kerney and the origin of Irish-Spanish diplomatic relations, 1935–6.“ In: Downey, Declan M. und Crespo MacLennan, Julio (Hrsg.). Spanish-Irish Relations through the Ages. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2006. 189–211 Keogh, Dermot. Ireland and Europe 1919–1948. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1988 Kochavi, Arieh. Confronting Captivity: Britain and the United States and their POW in Nazi Germany. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005 Literaturverzeichnis 408 Kluiters, Frans. „R-Netz: The Stay-Behind Network of the Abwehr in the Low Countries“. In: de Graaf, Beatrice, de Jong, Ben und Platje, Wies. (Hrsg.). Battleground Western Europe – Intelligence Operations in Germany and the Nethterlands in the Twentieth Century. Apeldoor: Het Spinhuis Publishers, 2007, 71–94 Krogmann, Dr. Willi. Breiz Da Vreiziz! (Die Bretane den Bretonen) – Zeugnisse zum Freiheitskampf der Bretonen. Halle/Saale: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1940 Kurowski, Franz. Deutsche Kommandotrupps 1939- 1945, Band 2 – ‚Brandenburger‘ und Abwehr II im weltweiten Einsatz“. Stuttgart, Motorbuch Verlag, 2003 Langdon-Davies, John. Behind the Spanish Barricades: Reports from the Spanish Civil War – Reports from the Spanish Civil War. London: Reportage Press, 2007 Landis, Arthur H. The Abraham Lincoln Brigade. New York: The Citadel Press, 1967 Lane, Leeann. Rosamond Jacob – Third Person Singular. Dublin: University College Dublin Press, 2010 Laureau, Patrick. Condor – The Luftwaffe in Spain, 1936–39. Mechanicsburg: Stackpole Books, 2010 Leach, Daniel. Fugitive Ireland – European Minority Nationalities and Irish Political Asylum, 1937– 2008. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2009 Lee, J. J. Ireland 1912–1985 – Politics And Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989 Leitz, Christian. Nazi Germany’s Intervention in the Spanish Civil War and the Foundation of HIS- MA/ROWAK. In: Preston, Paul und Mackenzie, Ann L. (Hrsg.). The Republic Besieged – Civil War in Spain 1936–1939. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1996, 53–85 Lerchenmüller, Joachim. Keltischer Sprengstoff – Eine wissenschaftsgeschichtliche Studie über die deutsche Keltologie von 1900 bis 1945. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 1997 Less, Bettina. Die Explosion der USS Maine im Hafen von Havanna – Auslöser für den Spanisch-Amerikanischen Krieg 1898?. Berlin: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller, 2007 Leverkuehn, Paul. Der geheime Nachrichtendienst der deutschen Wehrmacht im Kriege. Frankfurt/Main: Athenäum Verlag, 1964 Levine, Maurice. Cheetham to Cordova. Manchester: Neil Richardson, 1984 Litton, Helen. The Irish Civil War. Dublin: Wolfhound Press, 1995 Loh, Gerhard. Irland in der Berichterstattung deutscher Tageszeitungen (1914–1918). Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang, 1987 Longerich, Peter. Propagandisten im Krieg: Die Presseabteilung des Auswärtigen Amtes unter Ribbentrop. München: Oldenbourg Verlag, 1987 MacDougall, Ian. Voices from the Spanish Civil War – Personal recollections of Scottish Volunteers in Republican Spain – 1936–39. Edinburgh: Polygon, 1986 MacEoin, Uniseann. The IRA in the Twilight Years 1923–1948. Dublin: Argenta Publications, 1997 MacEoin, Uniseann. Survivors – The story of Ireland’s struggle as told through some of her outstanding living people recalling events from the days of Davitt, through James Connolly, Brugha, Collins, Liam Mellows, and Rory O’Connor, to the present time. Dublin: Argenta Publications, 1980 MacGregor Dawson, Robert (Hrsg.). The Development of the Dominion Status of 1900–1936. London: Frank Cass & Co., 1965 Mackay, James. Michael Collins – A Life. Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1997 Madden, Finbar J. M. History of Ireland. London: Hodder Education, 2007 O'Mahony, Peter Tynan (Hrsg.). Eamon de Valera, 1882–1975: The Controversial Giant of Modern Ireland, a Survey in Text and Pictures of the Life and Influence of a Famous Leader. Dublin: The Irish Times, 1975 Mai, Uwe. Kriegsgefangen in Brandenburg, Stalag III A in Luckenwalde 1939–1945. Berlin: Metropol, 1999 Bücher: 409 Manning, Maurice. The Blueshirts. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1970 Matić, Igor-Philip. Edmund Veesenmayer – Agent und Diplomat der nationalsozialistischen Expansionspolitik. München: R. Oldenbourg Verlag, 2002 Matthews, Ann. The Irish Citizen Army. Cork: Mercier Press, 2014 Maye, Brian. Arthur Griffith. Dublin: Griffith College Publications, 1997 Mazzi, Davide. The Theoretical Background and Practical Implications of Argumentation in Ireland. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2016 McCartney, Dr. Donal. „From Parnell to Pearse (1891–1921)“. In: Moody, T. W. und Martin, F. X. (Hrsg.). The Course of Irish History Dublin: Mercier Press, 1994, 294–312 McCullagh, Francis. In Franco’s Spain: Being the Experiences of an Irish War-correspondent During the Great Civil War Which Began in 1936. London: Burns, Oates & Washbourne Ltd., 1937 McGarry, Fearghal. Eoin O’Duffy – A Self-Made Hero. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005 McGarry, Fearghal. Frank Ryan. Dublin: Historical Association of Ireland, 2002 McGarry, Fearghal. „Ireland and the Spanish Civil War.“ In: Downey, Declan M. und Crespo, Julio Crespo MacLennan (Hrsg). Spanish-Irish Relations through the Ages. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2006, 212–230 McGarry, Fearghal. Irish Politics and the Spanish Civil War. Cork: Cork University Press, 1999 McGarry, Fearghal. The Rising – Ireland: Easter 1916. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010 McInerney Michael, Peadar O’Donnell – Irish Social Rebel. Dublin: The O’Brien Press, 1974 McLaughlin, Mark G. The Wild Geese: The Irish Brigades of France and Spain. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 1980 McLoughlin, Barry. Fighting for Republican Spain 1936–38 – Frank Ryan and the Volunteers from Limerick in the International Brigades. www.lulu.com, 2014 McMahon, Paul. British Spies and Irish Rebels: British Intelligence and Ireland, 1916–1945. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2008 Meleady, Dermot: Redmond: The Parnellite. Cork: Cork University Press, 2008 Meneses, Filipe Ribeiro de. Franco and the Spanish Civil War. London: Routledge, 2001 Mheara, Roisin Ni. Recollections. Bloomington: Xlibris, 2015 Milotte, Mike. Communism in Modern Ireland – The Pursuit of the Workers’ Republic since 1916. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan, 1984 Mitchell, Angus. 16 Lives – Roger Casement. Dublin: The O’Brien Press, 2013 Moloney, Ed. A Secret History of the IRA. London: Penguin Books, 2007 Moloney, Senan. The Phoenix Murders: Conspiracy, Betrayal and Retribution. Dublin: Mercier Press, 2006 Monks, Joe. With the Reds in Andalusia. London: The John Cornford Poetry Group, 1985 Moran, Sean Farrell. Patrick Pearse and the Politics of Redemption – The Mind of the Easter Rising, 1916. Washington D. C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 1994 Mullins, Gerry. Dublin Nazi No. 1 – The Life of Adolf Mahr. Dublin: Liberties Press, 2007 Murphy, Detlev. Die Entwicklung der politischen Parteien in Irland – Nationalismus, Katholizismus und agrarischer Konservatismus als Determinanten der irischen Politik von 1823 bis 1977. Opladen: Leske Verlag, 1982 Murphy, John A. „The New IRA 1925–62“. In: Williams, T. Desmond (Hrsg.). Secret Societies in Ireland. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1973, 150–165 Nelson, Bruce. Irish Nationalists and the Making of the Irish Race. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012 Nevin, Donal. „Radical Movements in the Twenties and Thirties“. In: Williams, T. Desmond (Hrsg.).Secret Societies in Ireland Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1973, 166–179 Literaturverzeichnis 410 Niedhart, Prof. Dr. Gottfried und Witz, Dr. Cornelia. „Industrielle Revolution und Imperialismus (1730/89- 1914)“, England – Geschichte von Großbritannien und Irland zum Nachschlagen. Cornelia Witz. Freiburg: Ploetz, 1991, 109–129 O’Brien, Mark. De Valera, Fianna Fáil and the Irish Press. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2001 O’Casey, Seán und Krause, David. The Letters of Seán O’Casey, 1959–64. In: O’Casey, Sean und Krause, David (Hrsg.). Washington, D.C: Catholic University of America Press, 1975 O’Connor, Joseph. Even the olives are bleeding – the life and times of Charles Donnelly. Dublin: New Island Books, 1992 O’Connor, Lysaght. The Republic of Ireland. An Hypothesis in Eight Chapters and Two Intermissions. Cork: Mercier Press, 1970 O’Connor, Peter. A Soldier of Liberty – Recollections of a socialist and anti-fascist fighter. Dublin: MSF, 1996 O’Connor, Ulick. Michael Collins – The Troubles – The Struggle For Irish Freedom 1912–1922. London: W. W. Norton, 1996 O’Donoghue, David. Hitler’s Irish Voices – The Story of German Radio’s Wartime Irish Service. Belfast: Beyond the Pale Publications, 1998 O’Donoghue, David. The Devil’s Deal – The IRA, Nazi Germany and the Double Life of Jim O’Donovan. Dublin: New Island, 2010 O'Donoghue, Tom und Harford, Judith. Secondary School Education in Ireland: History, Memories and Life Stories, 1922–1967. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016 Ó Drisceoil, Donal. Censorship in Ireland, 1939–1945 – Neutrality, Politics and Society. Cork: Cork University Press, 1996 Ó Drisceoil, Donal. Peadar O’Donnell. Cork: Cork University Press, 2001 O’Driscoll, Mervyn. „Inter-war Irish-German Diplomacy: Continuity, Ambiguity and Appeasement in Irish Foreign Policy“. In: Kennedy, Michael und Morrison Skelly, Joseph (Hrsg.). Irish Foreign Policy 1919–1966 – From Independence to Internationalism. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2000, 74– 95 O’Halpin, Eunan. Defending Ireland: The Irish State and its Enemies since 1922. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999 O’Halpin, Eunan. MI5 and Ireland, 1939–1945; The Secret History. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2003 O’Halpin, Eunan. Spying on Ireland – British Intelligence and Irish Neutrality During the Second World War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008 O’Loughlin, Michael. Frank Ryan: Journey to the Centre. Dublin: The Raven Arts Press, 1987 O’Neill, Thomas. „James Fintan Lalor“. In: Boyle, J. W. (Hrsg.). Leaders and Workers. Cork: The Mercier Press, 1962, 37–45 O’Reilly, Terence. Hitler’s Irishmen. Cork: Mercier Press, 2008 O’Riordan, Manus. Portrait of an Irish Anti-Fascist: Frank Edwards, 1907–1983. Dublin: Labour History Workshop, 1984 O’Riordan, Manus. „Communism in Dublin in the 1930s: The Struggle against Fascism“. In: Klaus, Gustav H. (Hrsg.). Strong Words Brave Deeds – The Poetry, Life and Times of Thomas O’Brien, Volunteer in the Spanish Civil War. Dublin: The O’Brien Press, 1994, 215–239 O’Riordan, Michael. Connolly Column: The Story of the Irishmen who Fought in the National-revolutionary War of the Spanish People, 1936–1939. Dublin: New Books, 1979 Patterson, Henry. The Politics of Illusion – Republicanism and Socialism in Modern Ireland. London: Hutchinson Radius, 1989 Payne, Stanley G. The Franco Regime, 1936–1975. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1987 Bücher: 411 Peters, Fritz, Schwebel, Karl H. und Lührs, Wilhelm. Bremische Biographie 1912–1962. Historische Gesellschaft zu Bremen, Staatsarchiv Bremen (Hrsg.). Bremen: Verlag H. M. Hauschild, 1969 Pons, Silvio. Stalin And The Inevitable War 1936–1941. London: Frank Cass, 2002 Pott, Wilfried. Auf der Suche nach Unterstützung für Irland – Roger Casements Wirken in Deutschland und die deutsche Unterstützung des Osteraufstandes. München: AVM, 2011 Prendergast, Jim. „The Battle of Brunete“. In: Darman, Peter (Hrsg.). Heroic Voices of the Spanish Civil War – Memories from the International Brigades. London: New Holland Publishers, 2009, 107–109 Preston, Paul. „Mussolini’s Spanish Adventure. From Limited Risk to War“. In: Preston, Paul und Mackenzie, Ann L. (Hrsg.). The Republic Besieged – Civil War in Spain 1936–1939. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1996, 21–51 Preston, Paul. The Coming of the Spanish Civil War – Reform, Reaction and Revolution in the Second Republic 1931–1936. London: The Macmillan Press Ltd., 1978 Preston, Paul. The Spanish Civil War – Reaction, Revolution, And Revenge. London: W. W. Norton & Company, 2007 Preston, Paul. The Spanish Holocaust – Inquisition and Extermination in Twentieth-Century Spain. London: Harper Press, 2012 Regan, John M. The Irish Counter-Revolution 1921–1936 – Treatyite Politics and Settlement in Independent Ireland. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1999 Richardson, R. Dan. Comintern Army – The International Brigades and the Spanish Civil War. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 1982 Rieping, Hanno. Ursachen der Hyperinflation. München: Grin Verlag, 2004 Robinson, Richard A. H.. The Origins Of Franco’s Spain – The Right, the Republic and Revolution, 1931–1936. Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 1970 Roth, Andreas. Mr Bewley in Berlin – Aspects of the Career of an Irish Diplomat, 1933–1939. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2000 Rumpf, E.; Hepburn, A. C. Nationalism and Socialism in twentieth-century Ireland. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1977 Ryan, Desmond. „James Connolly“. In: Boyle, J. W. (Hrsg.). Leaders and Workers. Cork: The Mercier Press, 1962, 67–75 Ryan, Frank. „Ireland“. In: Acier, Marcel (Hrsg.). From Spanish Trenches – Recent Letters From Spain. New York: Modern Age Books, 1983, 113–127 Ryan, Frank. „Letters from Spain“. In: Sperber, Murray A. (Hrsg.). And I Remember Spain – A Spanish Civil War Anthology. London: Hart-Davis, MacGibbon, 1974, 38–42 Ryan, Frank. The Book of the XV. Brigade: records of British, American, Canadian, and Irish volunteers in the XV International Brigade in Spain, 1936–1938. Madrid: Commissariat of War, XV Brigade, 1938 Ryan, Meda. Tom Barry – IRA Freedom Fighter. Cork: Mercier Press, 2003 Salvadó, Francisco J. Romero. Historical Dictionary of the Spanish Civil War. Lanham: The Scarecrow Press, 2013 Schauff, Frank. Der verspielte Sieg – Sowjetunion, Kommunistische Internationale und Spanischer Bürgerkrieg 1936–1939. Frankfurt/Main: Campus Verlag, 2004 Schleenbecker, Katrin. „Gustav Regler: Das Große Beispiel“. In: Bannasch, Bettina und Holm, Christiane (Hrsg.). Erinnern und Erzählen: der Spanische Bürgerkrieg in der deutschen und spanischen Literatur und in den Bildmedien. Tübingen: Gunter Narr Verlag, 2005, 301–310 Schmidt, Ina u.a. Briefe 1927–1985. In: Jünger, Ernst, Hielscher, Friedrich und Schmidt, Ina (Hrsg.). Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 2005 Schmidt, Rainer F. Die Aussenpolitik des Dritten Reiches 1933–1939. Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 2002 Literaturverzeichnis 412 Schubert, Klaus und Klein, Martina. Das Politiklexikon – Begriffe, Fakten, Zusammenhänge. Bonn: Verlag J. H. W. Dietz, 2011 Schüler-Springorum, Stefanie. Krieg und Fliegen – Die Legion Condor im Spanischen Bürgerkrieg. Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2010 Schuller, Wolfgang. „Staatsterror aus dem Dunkeln – die Zersetzungsmaßnahmen des Ministeriums für Staatssicherheit und ihre Aufarbeitung“. In: Stephan, Annegret (Hrsg.). 1945 bis 2000 Ansichten zur deutschen Geschichte: Zehn Jahre Gedenkstätte Moritzplatz Magdeburg für die Opfer politischer Gewaltherrschaft 1945 bis 1989. Opladen: Leske und Budrich, 2002, 69–82 Schwarzwälder, Herbert. Das Große Bremen-Lexikon. Bremen: Edition Temmen, 2003 Siedentopf, Monika. Unternehmen Seelöwe – Widerstand im deutschen Geheimdienst. München, Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, 2014 Smith, Michael L. R. Fighting for Ireland? – The Military Strategy of the Irish Republican Movement. London: Routledge, 1997 Smyth, Denis. „‚We are with You‘: Solidarity and Self-Interest in Soviet Policy towards Republican Spain, 1936–1939“. In: Preston, Paul; Mackenzie, Ann L. (Hrsg.). The Republic Besieged – Civil War in Spain 1936–1939. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1996, 87–105 Steinkampf, Maike. „Sozialismus“. In: Fleckner, Uwe, Warnke, Martin und Ziegler, Hendrik (Hrsg.). Handbuch der politischen Ikonographie, Band 1. München: C. H. Beck, 2011, 366–372 Stephan, Enno. Geheimauftrag Irland – Deutsche Agenten im irischen Untergrundkampf 1939–1945. Oldenburg: Gerhard Stalling Verlag, 1971 Stephens, Douglas Patrick und Rennie, Rick. A Memoir of the Spanish Civil War – An Armenian- Canadian in the Lincoln Battalion. St. John’s [Canada]: Canadian Committee on Labour History, 2000 Sterzenbach, Christopher. Die deutsch-irischen Beziehungen während der Weimarer Republik, 1918– 1933 – Politik – Wirtschaft – Kultur. Berlin: LIT Verlag, 2009 Stradling, Robert A. „Battleground of Reputations: Ireland and the Spanish Civil War“. In: Preston, Paul und Mackenzie, Ann L. (Hrsg.). The Republic Besieged – Civil War in Spain 1936–1939. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1996, 107–132 Stradling, Robert A. The Irish and the Spanish Civil War 1936–1939 – Crusades in conflict. Manchester: Mandolin, 1999 Stuart, Francis und Dr. Weiland, Ruth. Der Fall Casement – Das Leben Sir Roger Casements und der Verleumdungsfeldzug des Secret Service. Hamburg: Hanseatische Verlagsanstalt, 1948 Stuart, Madeleine. Manna in the Morning – A Memoir 1940–1958. Dublin: Raven Arts Press, 1984 Sturm, Hubert. Hakenkreuz und Kleeblatt – Irland, die Alliierten und das „Dritte Reich“ 1933–1945. Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang, 1984 Tarpey, Marie Veronica. The Role of Joseph McGarrity in the Struggle for Irish Independence. New York: Arno Press, 1976 Thomas, Hugh. The Spanish Civil War. London: Penguin Books, 2001 Thompson, Spurgeon. „‚Not Only Beef, But Beauty …‘: Tourism, Dependency, and the Post-colonial Irish State, 1925–30“. In: Cronin, Michael und O’Connor, Barbara (Hrsg.). Irish Tourism – Image, Culture and Identity. Clevedon: Channel View Publications, 2003. 263–281 Tierney, Mark. Modern Ireland 1850–1950. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan, 1972 Treacy, Matt. The Communist Party of Ireland 1921–2011. Dublin: Brocaire Books, 2012 Trudgill, Peter. Language in the British Isles. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1984 Viñas, Ángel. „Der internationale Kontext“. In: Tuñón de Lara, Manuel (Hrsg.). Der Spanische Bürgerkrieg – Eine Bestandsaufnahme. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1987, 187–295 Warns, Johannes. Georg Müller und John Nelson Darby. Ein Rückblick auf den sog. Bethesdastreit zu Bristol im Jahre 1848. Wiedenest: Offene Türen-Verlag Erich Sauer, 1936 Bücher: 413 Watt, Donald C. „Soviet Military Aid to the Spanish Republic in the Civil War 1936–1938“. In: Schieder, Wolfgang und Dipper, Christof (Hrsg.). Der Spanische Bürgerkrieg in der internationalen Politik (1936–1939). München: Nymphenburger Verlagshandlung, 1976, 249–255 Webster Hollis, Daniel. The History of Ireland. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2001 Whealey, Robert H. Hitler and Spain – The Nazi Role in the Spanish Civil War. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 1989 Whyte, J. H. „The Age of Daniel O’Connell (1800–47)“. In: Moody, T. W. und Martin, F. X. (Hrsg.). The Course of Irish History. Dublin: Mercier Press, 1994, 248–262 Wills, Claire. That Neutral Island – A Cultural History of Ireland during the Second World War. London: Faber & Faber, 2007 Wiel, Jérôme aan de. East German Intelligence and Ireland, 1949–90 – Espionage, Terrorism and Diplomacy. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2015 Wilk, Gavin. Transatlantic Defiance – The militant Irish republican movement in America, 1923–45. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2014 Wills, Clair. That Neutral Island – A Cultural History of Ireland during the Second World War. London: Faber & Faber, 2007 Wintringham, Tom. English Captain. London; Farber & Farber, 1939 Woggon, Helga. Integrativer Sozialismus und nationale Befreiung – Politik und Wirkungsgeschichte James Connollys in Irland. Göttingen: Vandenboeck & Ruprecht, 1990 Internetquellen: Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives – Introduction to the Spanish Civil War – The 1936 elections and the Popular Front government. Ohne Autor. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.alba-valb.org/ resources/lessons/introduction-to-the-spanish-civil-war/the-1936-elections-and-the-popularfront-government [22.07.2017] The Auxiliary Division of the Royal Irish Constabulary – George Samuel Montague Nathan. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://theauxiliaries.com/men-alphabetical/men-n/nathan/nathan-gm.html [09. Januar 2018] Doiminic Bell, Irish Aspects of the Spanish Civil War. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://irelandscw.com/ docs-Diss01.htm#Abbreviations [29.12.2016] Biographical History – O’Donovan, James, University College Dublin Archives, o. D.. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.ucd.ie/archives/html/collections/odonovan-james.html [10. Januar 2014] Biographical Note, Papers of Hanna and Francis Sheehy Skeffington. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http:// www.nli.ie/pdfs/mss%20lists/047_SheehySkeffington.pdf [05.01.2017] Patrick Byrne, The Irish Republican Congress Revisited (London: Connolly Publication Ltd., 1994) 40. [Online]. 22. August 2011. URL: http://cedarlounge.wordpress.com/2011/08/22/left-archivethe-irish-republican-congress-revisited-patrick-byrne-former-joint-secretary-with-frank-ryanconnolly-association-1993/ [16. August 2012] Campaign for a United Ireland. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://aunitedireland.org/sf-honours-womenrepresentatives-to-mark-constance-markievicz-election/cumann-na-bhan/ [20. August 2014] Censo De Poblacion De 1930. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.ine.es/inebaseweb/pdfDispacher.do ?td=194363&ext=.pdf [26. August 2015] Robert G. Colodny, The International Brigades. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://web.usal.es/~iea/Texts/ WebQuests_Americans/Unit_6/Bessie_Text_4_6.PDF [25. Mai 2012] Literaturverzeichnis 414 Mariano Delgado, Religion und Öffentlichkeit in Spanien – Überlegungen zur Laizismus-Debatte. [Online]. o. D.. URL: https://www.unifr.ch/skg/assets/files/leseecke/Oeffentlichkeit-Delgado.pdf [20.07.2017] Detailansicht des Abgeordneten Dr. Viktor Hoven, ohne Autor, Landtag NRW. [Online]. o. D.. URL: https://www.landtag.nrw.de/portal/WWW/Webmaster/GB_I/I.1/Abgeordnete/ Ehemalige_Abgeordnete/details.jsp?k=00495 [08.06.2017] The Diaries of Rosamond Jacob (1888–1960). [Online]. o. D.. URL: https://www.ul.ie/inventing/sites/ default/files/An%20overview%20of%20the%20Diaries.pdf [26.02.2020] Dictionary.com – gentleman farmer. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/ gentleman+farmer [03.07.2015] Documents on Irish Foreign Policy, Cornelius Duane an Jospeh P. Walshe, 13. November 1923, No. 162, DFA ES Box 34 File 241, NAI, Dublin. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.difp.ie/docs/Volum e2/1923/498.htm [13.01.2018] The Dossing Times – Top 6 Friday: Frank Ryan. [Online]. 19. September 2008. URL http://www.the dossingtimes.com/blog/2008/09/19/top-6-friday-frank-ryan/ [27. Januar 2010] Fourth Congress of the Communist International – Theses on Comintern Tactics. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.marxists.org/history/international/comintern/4th-congress/tactics.htm [20. August 2014] Global Security.Org. [Online]. 09. September 2011. URL: http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ world/int/comintern.htm [04. August 2011] Guide to the Gerald O'Reilly Papers WAG.105 – Historical/Biographical Note. [Online]. 3. Juni 2014. URL: http://dlib.nyu.edu/findingaids/html/tamwag/wag_105/bioghist.html [17.09.2016] Lambert Hoven GmbH & Co. KG – Firmengeschichte. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.lambert-hov en.de/wir-ueber-uns.html [9. Juni 2017] Leopold H. Kerney – Frank Ryan in Jail. [Online]. 14. Juli 2012. URL: http://www.leopoldhkerney. com/Page2.html [24. März 2013] Joe Little. RTÉ Radiointerview mit Peadar O’Donnell. „Peadar O’Donnell Recalls Fellow Activist Frank Ryan 1979“. Day By Day – 29. Juni 1979 – RTÉ Archives. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http:// www.rte.ie/archives/2016/1208/837458-frank-ryan-an-irishman-in-spain/ [05.01.2018] John P. McCarthy. O’Higgins, Kevin Christoper. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://centenaries.ucd.ie/wpcontent/uploads/2015/04/OHiggins-Kevin_Christopher.pdf [02.01.2017] Thomas Menzel, Hintergrundinformationen – "Die Brandenburger" Kommandotruppe und Frontverband. [Online]. 15. Juni 2013. URL: http://www.bundesarchiv.de/oeffentlichkeitsarbeit/bilder _dokumente/00863/index-0.html.de [15. Oktober 2013] John Mitchel, Description. [Online]. o. D.. URL: https://www.ucdpress.ie/display.asp?isbn=9781906 359157& [22.02.2020]. Wolfgang Müller, Neue Deutsche Biographie 18 – Nadolny, Rudolf (Berlin: Dunker & Humblot, 1997), 692f. [Online]. o. D.. URL: https://www.deutsche-biographie.de/pnd118737813.html#ndb content [24. Februar 2020] New Advent – Maynooth College. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10087b. htm [25.09.2016] Emmet O’Connor, Identity and Self-Representation in Irish Communism – The Connolly Column and the Spanish Civil War. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://uir.ulster.ac.uk/2627/1/SCW.id.pdf [29.12.2016] Emmet O’Connor, The North West and the Spanish Civil War – Part 2. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http:// irelandscw.com/part-NWest.htm [24.02.2016] Oxford Dictionaries, Fenian, ohne Autor. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/ definition/english/fenian [30.05.2016] Internetquellen: 415 Pamphlet „George Bernard Shaw Appeals to the I.R.A. Friendship with Britain“, 25. Juli 1940. [Online]. o. D.. URL: https://cedarlounge.files.wordpress.com/2009/08/gbs-appeal-to-ira.pdf [31.05.2017] Recruits to Casement’s Irish Brigade. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.irishbrigade.eu/recruits-irishbrigade.html [08.06.2015] John Riddell, „The League Against Imperialism (1927–1937): An early attempt at global anti-colonial unity“. Monthly Review Online (MR Online), 09. Juli 2018. [Online]. 20. Juli 2018. URL: https://mronline.org/2018/07/20/the-league-against-imperialism-1927-37-an-early-attempt-atglobal-anti-colonial-unity/ [22.02.2020] Rockwell College. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://www.rockwellcollege.ie/college/college.html [29. Januar 2015] Rulers – Berenguer (y Fusté), Dámaso. [Online]. 09.2011. URL: http://rulers.org/indexb2.html# bereng [20.07.2017] Gerd Simon, „Die Bretagne aus der Sicht des Autonomisten Olier Mordrel 1941“, November 2005. [Online]. 15. September 2013. URL: http://homepages.uni-tuebingen.de/gerd.simon/Mordrel. pdf [03. Januar 2014] Glyn Stone, Italo-German Collaboration and the Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939. [Online]. 2009. URL: https://www.google.de/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=4&cad=rja&uact=8&ved= 0ahUKEwjk48GMs_DMAhXC1SwKHdZeByYQFgg8MAM&url=http%3A%2F%2Feprints.uwe. ac.uk%2F11756%2F1%2FItalo-GermanCollaborationSCW.doc&usg=AFQjCNFhIxAa7sAoiir3C 5RQN3u8lw1BPA [23.05.2016] Paul V. Walsh, The Irish Civil War, 1922–1923: A Military Study of the Conventional Phase, 28 June – 11. August 1922. [Online]. 11. Dezember 1998. URL: http://bobrowen.com/nymas/irishcivil war.html [20. März 2011] Wikipedia – Jacob’s Award, ohne Autor. [Online]. 8. November 2014. URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/Jacob%27s_Award [05.01.2015] Wikipedia, Juan Beigbeder, ohne Autor. [Online]. 10. Juli 2019. URL: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Juan_Beigbeder 02.03.2020] Dr. Dieter Wienberg, Katalonien im spanischen Bürgerkrieg (1936–1939): 89. [Online]. Januar 2006. URL: http://www.wienberg.es/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/Katalonien_im_spanischen_ Buergerkrieg.pdf [12.12.2012] Roger Willoughby, „A Military History of the University of Dublin and its Officers Training Corps 1910–1922“, (Limerick: Medal Society of Ireland, 1989), 1. [Online]. o. D.. URL: https://www.aca demia.edu/12761288/A_Military_History_of_the_University_of_Dublin_and_its_Officers_Trai ning_Corps_1910-1922 [24.02.2020] XV International Brigade in Spain – Scottish Volunteers. „Alexander James Donaldson“. [Online]. o. D.. URL: http://internationalbrigadesinspain.weebly.com/scottish-volunteers.html [23.05.2016] Literaturverzeichnis 416 Quellenverzeichnis der Abbildungen Eigenarchiv: Abbildung 6 – Frank Ryans Freund Helmut Clissmann Abbildung 7 – Frank Ryans Freund Dr. Josef „Jupp“ Hoven Military Archives Cathal Brugha Barracks, Dublin Abbildung 5 – Frank Ryan im Kreise seiner Kammeraden im Spanischen Bürgerkrieg, Enno Stephan Collection, MACBB, Dublin Abbildung 8 – Helmut Clissmann und Jupp Hoven zusammen mit Frank Ryan am Siemens Kraftwerk Ardnacrusha in Ballykeelaun, County Clare, Irland, Enno Stephan Collection, MACBB, Dublin Abbildung 9 – Passbild des IRA-Stabschefs Seán Russell aus dem Reisepass, der ihm vom deutschen Generalkonsulat in Genua ausgestellt wurde, Enno Stephan Collection, MACBB, Dublin Abbildung 10 – Seekarte des Kurses von U 65 während des Geheimauftrags der Operation Taube, Enno Stephan Collection, MACBB, Dublin Abbildung 11 – Ryans Grab am Friedhof in Loschwitz, Enno Stephan Collection, MACBB, Dublin National Library of Ireland, Dublin Abbildung 1 – Frank Ryans Eltern Vere und Annie, o. D., Rosamond Jacob Papers (RSP), MS 33,131, NLI, Dublin Abbildung 2 – Frank Ryan nach seinem Universitätsabschluss am UCD Dublin, 1929, RSP, MS 33,131, NLI, Dublin Abbildung 3 – Frank Ryan (Mitte) nach seiner Entlassung aus dem Arbour Hill Gefängnis, o. D., RSP, MS 33,131, NLI, Dublin Abbildung 4 – Frank Ryan bei einer Rede in College Green, Dublin nach seiner Haftentlassung aus dem Arbour Hill Gefängnis, o. D., RSP, MS 33,131, NLI, Dublin Internet: Abbildung 12 – Grab Frank Ryans am Glasnevin Friedhof in Dublin, Irland, Wikipedia, Frank Ryan, AlanMc. [Online]. 14. Juli 2006. URL: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb /a/ab/Frankryangrave.jpg/800px-Frankryangrave.jpg [12.03.2020] 417

Chapter Preview

References

Abstract

The book describes the life and times of the well-known Irish Republican Francis „Frank“ Ryan. Ryan who fought for an all-Irish Republic and followed the political ideas of James Connolly and Charles Stewart, decided to fight fascism on the European continent and entered the Spanish Civil War on the side of the republican forces. While being in combat having the rank of a major in the International Brigades, he was captured in 1938 and became Franco’s most important prisoner. He had to endure two years in Burgos Prison before, due to the intervention of the German Abwehr, he had the chance to leave Spain with an option to return home. Instead of going back to Ireland, he ended up in Nazi-Germany at the beginning of the Second World War. Considering this background the book also examines the diplomatic relations between Ireland and Germany in the first half of the 20th century.

Zusammenfassung

Dieses Buch befasst sich mit der Lebensgeschichte des bekannten irischen Nationalisten Francis „Frank“ Ryan, der sich zeit seines Lebens für die Wiedervereinigung der grünen Insel und die vollständige Unabhängigkeit von Großbritannien eingesetzt hat. Seine linksgerichteten politischen Überzeugungen führten ihn als Kämpfer für die republikanische Regierung nach Spanien. Dort kämpfte er in den Reihen der Internationalen Brigaden und geriet als Francos wichtiger Gefangener in die Hände der Faschisten. Durch die Intervention der deutschen Abwehr kam er frei und fand sich im Deutschland der 1940er Jahre wieder. Vor dem Hintergrund seiner Lebensgeschichte wird auch die Entwicklung der politischen Beziehungen zwischen Deutschland und Irland beleuchtet.