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Wolfram Hilz, Rafal Ulatowski (Ed.)

Energy Policy in Europe, page 1 - 6

Internal Dimensions and External Perspectives

1. Edition 2019, ISBN print: 978-3-8288-4388-2, ISBN online: 978-3-8288-7373-5, https://doi.org/10.5771/9783828873735-1

Series: Bonner Studien zum globalen Wandel, vol. 25

Tectum, Baden-Baden
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Bonner Studien zum globalen Wandel Bonner Studien zum globalen Wandel Herausgegeben von Prof. Dr. Wolfram Hilz Band 25 Wolfram Hilz (Ed.) Energy Policy in Europe Internal Dimensions and External Perspectives Tectum Verlag Wolfram Hilz, Rafał Ulatowski (Ed.) Energy Policy in Europe. Internal Dimensions and External Perspectives © Tectum – ein Verlag in der Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, Baden-Baden 2019 E-Book: 978-3-8288-7373-5 (Dieser Titel ist zugleich als gedrucktes Werk unter der ISBN 978-3-8288-4388-2 im Tectum Verlag erschienen.) Umschlagabbildung: shutterstock.com © chinasong Alle Rechte vorbehalten Informationen zum Verlagsprogramm finden Sie unter www.tectum-verlag.de Bibliografische Informationen der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek verzeichnet diese Publikation in der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie; detaillierte bibliografische Angaben sind im Internet über http://dnb.ddb.de abrufbar. Bibliographic information published by the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek The Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic data are available online at http://dnb.ddb.de. 5 Contents 1 Introduction............................................................................. 7 Wolfram Hilz/Rafa Ulatowski I. Internal Dimensions 2 The “Energy Union“: Fixed Goal or Open Process? ......... 13 Wolfram Hilz 3 The German Energy Transition – An Economic Perspective ............................................................................. 35 Hubertus Bardt 4 Why There is No Energy Transition in France .................. 49 Florian Engels 5 Poland’s Energy Security and the Shale Revolution – A Case Study on Natural Gas .............................................. 63 Rafa Ulatowski 6 Intergovernmentalism and “Multi-Level-Game“ – An Analysis of the Governance system of the European Climate Framework 2030……………………………….... 81 Timo Karl II. External Perspectives 7 (Inter)dependence? Political Implications of Russia-EU Energy Relations ................................................................... 95 Maciej Ra 8 Caspian Gas Supplies: An Opportunity of EU Energy Diversification? ................................................................... 109 Shushanik Minasyan 9 EU-OPEC Energy Dialogue and the Global Energy Governance ......................................................................... 127 Rafa Ulatowski Contributors…………………………………………………… 143 6

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Abstract

After two decades of rather moderate interest in European energy issues, the awareness for this policy area began to grow again in the early 21st century. This is due to several changes in the energy market. Firstly, the great powers increasingly compete for access to energy resources. Secondly, the second biggest exporter of energy resources, Russia, started to develop its energy diplomacy by trying to transform resource wealth into political power. After several gas crises in Ukraine, the effectiveness of Russia’s “energy weapon” became only too clear. Finally, the impact of climate change on energy policy became a current topic in international politics, since the energy sector is the largest producer of greenhouse gases. The European Union as organization and international player has significantly gained importance in the field of energy policy. At first, it concentrated on creating a single market for energy goods and services, but subsequently became an important player on the international energy market: building institutions, promoting norms and transforming into a “realist” actor interested in improving its own energy security. Today, the EU’s climate policy strongly affects its energy policy, driving a transformation from fossil fuels to renewables. The goal of this volume is to contribute to the ongoing discussion on energy in international relations by covering different aspects of energy policy in Europe. The analysis focuses on the national perspectives of three EU members – Germany, France and Poland – as well as on the perspective of the EU. Mit Beiträgen von Hubertus Bardt, Florian Engels, Wolfram Hilz, Timo Karl, Shushanik Minasyan, Maciej Ras, Rafał Ulatowski