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Steuart Campbell

The Rise and Fall of Jesus, page 255 - 258

A Complete Explanation for the Life of Jesus and the Origin of Christianity

3. Edition 2019, ISBN print: 978-3-8288-4346-2, ISBN online: 978-3-8288-7327-8, https://doi.org/10.5771/9783828873278-255

Tectum, Baden-Baden
Bibliographic information
Index Anderson, Charles C, 230 Anderson, Hugh, 115, 132, 234 Annet, Peter, 23, 190, 197, 201, 223, 225 Antiochus Epiphanes, 80, 223 Antipas (see Herod) Apocrypha, 13, 66, 68, 188 Apollonius of Tyana, 16, 39 Armageddon, 12 Amheim, Michael, XXI, 74 Bahrdt, K F, 143, 226 Barker, Margaret, 67 Bauer, Bruno, 15, 227, 234 Beroea, 42 Bethlehem, 19, 46-51, 217 Binet-Sanglé, C, 199 Black, M, 71 blasphemy, 168, 173, 242 Bole, F, 32 Borsch, F H, 20, 25, 46, 78, 95, 111, 116, 118 Bouquet, A C, 65 Bousset, W, 42 Brandon, S G F, 21, 40, 76, 126, 232 Brandt, W, 184 Buddha, 17, 53, 60, 114, 145-6 Bullinger, E W, 88, 106, 184, 198, 212 Bultmann, R, 71 Burkitt, F C, 18-19, 32, 116, 143 Caiaphas, 56-7, 157, 162-4, 168-73, 175-6, 178-9, 199, 207, 232 Caldwell, J, 182 Calvary, 179-80 Cana, 141-2 Cansdale, G S, 82 Capernaum, 49, 60, 142, 145, 193, 207-8 Carmichael, Joel, 72, 109, 154-5, 160, 163, 169, 171, 175 carpenter, 61-3, 71, 217 Carpenter, H, 50, 102 Carter, L, 51 Carthage, 90 Case, S J, 61, 230 Celsus, 187, 219-20 census, 55, 57, 82 Chandler (Bishop), 223 Charles, R H, 67, 86 Christian beliefs, 9, 11 Churches, 7-8 Claudius (Emperor), 36-7 Clube, Victor and W Napier, 85 Cohn, Haim, 4, 17, 21, 124, 126, 149, 155, 160, 170-2, 174-5, 177, 179 Collins, Anthony, 223 Conybeare, F C, 15-6 Corssen, P, 31-2, 38 cosmology, 97, 99, 101, 221 Couchoud, P L, 15 Craveri, M, 20, 62, 64, 77, 112, 119, 132, 141, 159, 181-2, 184, 193 Cross, C, 21, 38, 180-1 Crossan, John Dominic, 111, 115, 235 Daniel-Rops, J C H P, 62, 65, 106, 181 Davies, D P, 3 deism, 221, 223-5, Delff, H, 132 Dionysius Exiguus, 56-7 Dionysus, 143 Dives and Lazarus, 96 Docetism, 26, 187, 205 Doyle, A D, 192 Drews, A C H, 15, 38, 227, 239 Egypt, 48-9, 82-3, 202 Eisler, R, 33 Elijah, 86, 107-8, 110, 132, 137, 143, 147, 183-4, 241 Enoch, 66-9, 79, 85, 87-8, 98, 117, 242 Essenes, 50, 67, 70-1, 74, 91-2, 95-6, 121, 157 Eusebius, 32 Feldman, L H, 32, 34 Ferguson, J, XVII, 63 255 Fraser, A B, 146 Freedman, D N, 96 Frend, W H C, 54 Garden Tomb, 195 Gordon (General), 180 Gadarene swine, 81, 138 Gethsemane, 123, 164, 171, 204, 207 gnostic(s), 71, 78 Goetz, K G, 38 Goguel, Maurice, 4, 15-6, 19-20, 29-31, 33-4, 37-9, 57, 61, 89, 115, 132, 192, 198, 201, 209, 227-8, 230-2 Golgotha, 179-80 Goulder, Michael, 138-9 Grant, Michael, 155, 174, 178 Grant, Robert M, 42 Graves, Robert and Joshua Podro, 70, 110, 126, 132, 147, 154, 156, 175, 185, 195 Gruber, Elmar, 70, 95, 182-3, 185, 189, 194-6 (see Kersten) Guignebert, Charles, 4, 21-2, 38, 40, 61, 64, 73, 86, 95-6, 99, 101, 114-5, 120, 127, 155, 160, 178, 199, 201, 203, 208, 231 Hades, 6, 93, 124, 128 Harnack, A, 32, 38, 230 Harrison, Marcus, 147, 193 Helms, Randel, 48, 50, 132-3, 138, 143-4, 146, 153, 167, 175, 198, 201-2 Herbert (Lord), 221 Herod Antipas, 57, 60, 177 Herod the Great, 27, 50, 51, 55-57, 61, 86, 192, 217 Herodotus, 39 Hick, John, XVI, Hierocles, 219-20 Hoffmann, R Joseph, 41 Holl, Adolf, 120 Hudson, D F, 64 Humanists, XVI, 3, 234 Humphrey, Nicholas, 138, 143 Humphreys, Colin J and W G Waddington, 192 Ignatius, 26 Jacobs, Joseph, 150 James, the brother of Jesus, 76 Jensen, A F, 15, 227 Jesus’ genealogy, 20, 106 Jesus’ name, 7, 29, 191 Jesus Myth Theory, XVI, 227, 234, 240 John the Baptist, 20, 32, 35, 56, 70-1, 76-7, 106, 109, 111, 116, 137, 141, 178, 192-3, 217, 241 Joseph of Arimathea, 131, 190, 193, 201, 203 Josephus, XV, 20, 29-35, 38, 46-50, 91-6, 98, 100, 105, 121, 125, 177 Joyce, Donovan, 142, 155, 157, 161, 167, 182, 185, 187, 193, 195 Judas Iscariot, 21, 152, 159-65, 167-70, 224, 230, 242 Judas the Galilean, 34, 60, 76 Julian, 219-20 Kalthoff, Albert, 15, 227, 239 Kamelsky, Jan, 124, 168 Kepler, Johannes, 51 Kersten, Holger and Elmar R Gruber, 1, 49-53, 63, 71, 108, 114, 145-6, 236 Khvol'son, D A, 96-7, 228 Klausner, Joseph, 4, 15-7, 25, 27, 31-2, 36, 61, 64, 67, 73, 79, 82, 89, 91, 96, 106-7, 111, 115, 117, 127, 137, 141, 149-50, 153-7, 159, 161-3, 167, 171-2, 178, 180, 182, 192, 199, 201, 203, 228, 231 Kneller, C A, 32 Koch, G, 79 Kraeling, Carl H, 105-6 Kubitza, 129 La Cava, Franco, 187 Last Supper (The), 91, 159, 193, 228 Lawrence, D H, 202 Lazarus, 132-5, 152, 154, 194, 197, 215 Lehmann, Johannes, 46, 95, 157, 209 Lightley, J W, 92, 97, 114 Linklater, Eric, 168 Locke, John, 222 Lohmeyer, E, 19 Maccoby, Hyam, 147, 162 Machovec, Milan, 76, 234 Mackinnon, James, 2, 4, 17, 61, 90, 132, 147, 161, 183-4, 230-2 Malchus, 169-70 Marshall, I H, 8 Martin, James, 202 McArthur, H K, 24 McCabe, Joseph, 16 McCown, C C, 64, 226, 228, 232 Index 256 McLeman, J, 232 Middleton, Conyers, 224 Mishnah, 25-7, 173 Mithras, 51-2 Moorcock, Michael, 111, 161, 202 Moore, George, 46, 202 Morison. Frank, 202, 204 Morrison. W D, 178 Mowinckel, 53, 61, 74, 78, 117, 173 Muggeridge, M, 201 Murry, J M, 4-5, 61, 90-1, 96, 116, 121, 132, 160, 162-3, 230 Napier, William (see Clube) Nazarene(s), XIX, 17-9, 47, 49, 70-3, 76-7, 85-6, 88, 90, 102, 106, 109, 115, 117-8, 120, 129, 132-3, 140, 147, 152-4, 157, 162, 172, 177, 185, 191, 193-5, 200, 204, 206, 214-5, 217 Nazareth, 19, 46-9, 138, 154, 217, 226 Neander, J A W, 142 Nero, 38, 50, 212 Nicodemus, 46, 55, 131, 195-6, 200, 203, 214-6 Noack, Ludwig, 60, 161 Norden, E, 32, 38 Ogg, George, 192 opium, 129-131, 134, 136, 182-6, 189-90, 194, 202, 214-5, 218, 236 Origen, 32, 182, 187, 219 Ory, G, 18 Osiris, 16, 74, 133 Paul, 16-7, 24-5, 37, 39-42, 67, 70, 76, 98, 100, 212, 242 Paulus, H E G, 143-4, 226 Pearce, Zachary, 197, 201, 223 Penny, R W, 181 Pharisaic philosophy, 93, 121, 123 Pharisees, 40, 91, 93-7, 99-100, 121, 150-1, 168, 172, 215-6 Philo, 178, 22 Pilate, 22, 26-9, 38, 56-7, 65, 86, 105, 149, 163-4, 168, 170, 172-9, 182, 185-6, 191, 193-4, 199-200, 235 Piper, Otto, 229, 234 Podro, Joshua (see Graves) Porphyry, 219-20, 223 Powell, J Enoch, 22, 49, 63, 72, 81, 102, 117, 123, 137, 141, 146, 159, 164, 169, 173, 175, 184, 198, 236 Primrose, W B, 181, 185, 187-8, 196, 202 Pseudepigrapha, 66, 68, 91 Quirinius, 55-6, 82, 105 Qumran, 49, 92, 95-6, 109, 133, 143, 147, 156, 163, 209, 235 Ratzinger, 106 Read, Piers Paul, 202 Reade, Winwood, 192 Reagan, Ronald (President), 12 Reimarus, Herman S, 4, 73, 108, 116, 127, 137, 197, 199, 201-2, 209, 212, 215-6, 225-6, 228, 244 Reinhard, 226 Reitzenstein, R, 42 Renan, Joseph E, 28, 57, 67, 78, 132, 160, 181, 187, 190, 192, 214, 226, 228 Resurrection, 11-2, 75, 87, 100, 199, 203, 205, 219-21, 223-5, 231 Reville, Albert, 35 Robertson, A H M, 23, 34, 37, 39, 45, 63, 87, 106, 116, 117, 125, 174 Robinson, James McC, 235 Robinson, John A T, 106, 174, 192 Roman War, 27, 29 Rome, 24, 27, 29, 33-7, 39, 48-9, 55-6, 60, 81-2, 88-90, 105, 114, 125-6, 152, 154-6, 163, 168, 174, 177-8, 191, 216, 219 Rousseau, J J, 17 Rylands, L G, 31, 234 sacaea, 72 Sadducean philosophy, 92 Sadducees, 91-3, 95-7, 172, 215-7, 228 Saklatvala, 181, 188 Salibi, 5, 19, 21, 50, 55-6, 60, 62, 72, 111-2, 132, 138, 153, 155, 159, 167, 235 Salvador, 228 Sanday, W, 112 Sanders, E P, 1, 23, 32, 36, 49, 52, 72, 80-1, 89-90, 101, 115, 118, 124, 128, 138, 141, 146, 150, 153-5, 168, 173, 192, 203, 236 Sanhedrin, 125-6, 135-6, 168-9, 171-2, 174-5, 193, 202, 207, 215-6, 224, 228 Satan, 10, 113, 161 Saul, 16, 169, 208 Schleiermacher, 226 Schmiedel, P W, 143, 183 Schoeps, H, 77 Index 257 Schofield, Guy, 152, 163, 169, 176, 207, 210 Schonfield, H J, 4, 70, 83, 86, 128, 135, 137, 157, 161, 174, 177, 184, 192, 209 Schulte, K-J, 188 Schweitzer, Albert, XIX, 2, 4-6, 40, 67, 108, 115-20, 127-8, 132, 144, 147, 153-4, 160-1, 173, 184, 190, 192, 205, 225-6, 228-9, 239-44 Second Coming, 12, 99, 223, 228 Sejanus, 178 Septuagint, 53, 61-2, 64-5, 79-80, 139-40, 186 Sermon-on-the-Mount, 72 Servetus, 220-1 Shakespeare, 34, 130-1 Shelley, P B, 114 Sherlock, Thomas (Bishop), 197, 223 Shroud of Turin, 196, 236 Simeon and Anna, 52-3, 218 Simpson, James, 187 Smith, Morton, 15, 132, 167, 204, 227, 239 Socinus, 220-1 Son of Man, 73, 79, 90, 95, 99, 112, 115-8, 127, 173, 176, 190, 206, 217, 241, 243 Stahl, 15 Stannard, Russell, 11, 143, 146 Star of Bethlehem, 52 Stauffer, E, 54, 61, 65, 95, 171, 178, 181-2, 192 Stephen, Leslie, 223-4 Stewart, Desmond, 36, 132 Strauss, D F, 4, 48, 75, 78, 108, 125, 132, 161-2, 182, 187, 190, 198-9, 204, 207-8, 226-8, 244 Stroud, W, 187 Suetonius, 36-7, 50, 204 Symeon, 76 Tacitus, 36, 38-9, 139 Talmud, 25, 46, 51, 73, 86, 108 taxation, 47-8, 55 Testimonia Flaviana, 29 Theudas, 34-5, 95 Thiede, Carsten, 64, 133, 235 Thiering, Barbara, 49-50, 53, 56, 67, 81, 102, 109, 133, 143-4, 146-7, 152, 156, 159, 161, 163, 169, 182-3, 197, 202-3 Thorne, Guy, 201 Tindal, Matthew, 222, 225 Toland, John, 222, 225 Trevor-Roper, H R, 19, 23 Van Daalen, D H, 209 Vawter, Bruce, 74, 118, 128 VenturIni, K H, 110, 226 Vermes, Geza, 17, 33, 133, 155 Vespasian, 22, 29-30, 140 Vickers, John, 71, 73, 125, 132, 147, 153, 157, 162 Virgin Birth, 50, 53-4 Volney, C F, 15, 227 Voltaire, 224 Voysey, A, 202, 226 Waddington, W G (see Humphreys) Weinel H and A G Widgery, 24, 35, 101 Wellhausen, J, 229 Wells, G A, 19, 24-8, 31-4, 36-9, 46, 153, 156, 160, 183, 194, 204, 234 Whiston, William, 31 Whitaker, David, 201 Wilson, A N, 62-3, 77, 90, 121, 133, 144, 167, 169, 175-6, 178, 182, 202-3, 235 Windisch, H, 39 Winter, Paul, 126, 129, 168, 191, 193 Wood, H G, 17, 91 Woolston, Thomas, 132, 142, 153, 197, 201, 223, 225 Xenodoxien, 190 Yerby, Frank, 185 Zahrnt, Frank, 3 Zarathustra/Zoroaster, 93 Zealots, 61, 76, 91, 95, 114, 170 Zealot philosophy, 95 Zeitlin, S, 95, 161, 163, 168, 191, 232 Index 258

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Abstract

What really happened to Jesus? Did he rise from the dead, and if not why do Christians believe that he did? Did he have a plan and, if so, what was it? Did he accomplish his purpose or did the plan fail? If it failed, what were the consequences?

Steuart Campbell, once a Christian, takes a rationalist look at the problem of Christian origins and shows that no previous writer has completely solved the riddle of Jesus. Here he shows us a new hypothesis, one that explains Jesus‘ curious behaviour.

Here is Jesus in historical context, the leader of an obscure Jewish sect which believed that it was fulfilling a divine plan revealed in the Scriptures. This plan required the Messiah to die and rise again to become the king of Israel, throwing the Romans out of Judaea and even replacing the Emperor as ruler of the known world. Read how Jesus expected to accomplish this.

The author displays immense knowledge of the Bible and the history of the Jews and he explains many mysteries. He builds on the work of many other authors and constructs what is surely the true explanation for the origin of Christianity. This should be the last word on the historical Jesus. It is certainly an excellent review of the many attempts to solve the mystery.