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Nele Noesselt (Ed.)

Reassessing Chinese Politics, page I - X

National System Dynamics and Global Implications

1. Edition 2019, ISBN print: 978-3-8288-4325-7, ISBN online: 978-3-8288-7265-3, https://doi.org/10.5771/9783828872653-I

Series: East Asian Politics: Regional and Global Dynamics, vol. 1

Tectum, Baden-Baden
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Herausgegeben von / Edited by Nele Noesselt Band 1 / Volume 1 Reassessing Chinese Politics National System Dynamics and Global Implications Nele Noesselt (Ed.) East Asian Politics Regional and Global Dynamics Tectum Verlag The Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic data are available on the Internet at http://dnb.d-nb.de ISBN 978-3-8288-4325-7 (Print) 978-3-8288-7265-3 (ePDF) ISSN 2627-7441 British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. ISBN 978-3-8288-4325-7 (Print) 978-3-8288-7265-3 (ePDF) ISSN 2627-7441 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Noesselt, Nele Reassessing Chinese Politics National System Dynamics and Global Implications Nele Noesselt (Ed.) 210 pp. Includes bibliographic references. ISBN 978-3-8288-4325-7 (Print) 978-3-8288-7265-3 (ePDF) ISSN 2627-7441 1st Edition 2019 © Tectum – ein Verlag in der Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, Baden-Baden 2019 This work is subject to copyright. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage or retrieval system, without prior permission in writing from the publishers. Under § 54 of the German Copyright Law where copies are made for other than private use a fee is payable to “Verwertungs gesellschaft Wort”, Munich. No responsibility for loss caused to any individual or organization acting on or refraining from action as a result of the material in this publication can be accepted by Nomos or the author(s)/editor(s). V Table of Contents List of Illustrations ....................................................................................... VII Abbreviations ...............................................................................................VIII Chapter I: Introduction: Reassessing Chinese Politics in the Twenty-First Century ............................................................................... 1 Nele Noesselt Chapter II: Turning of the Tide in Asia Pacific: Trends and Drivers of China’s Maritime Transformation ..................................21 Tobias Schäfer Chapter III: The Devil and the Deep Blue Sea: How China’s Assertive Strategies in the South China Sea Lead to Foreign-Political Confrontation...........................................................46 Saina Klein Chapter IV: Lancang or Mekong? Power Capacities of Thailand and Vietnam in the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation Mechanism ................................................................................................70 Henning Spreckelmeyer Chapter V: Birds’ Unequal Struggle to Escape the Authoritarian Cage of Governance. Civil Society in China and Taiwan: Does Strength Matter to Achieving Democratization? .................91 Susanne Brunnbauer Chapter VI: Spaces of Resistance in China: The Weiquan Movement from a Socio-Spatial Perspective................................. 119 Tobias Bohne VI Chapter VII: The Chinese Social Credit System: A Magical Tool of Governance in the Big Data Era?...................................... 140 Judith Petersen Chapter VIII: Nudging with Chinese Characteristics: An Adapted Approach from the Global North to Achieve a Sustainable Future? ............................................................................... 172 Ramona Hägele VII List of Illustrations Figures Figure V.1: The Concept of Embedded Democracy........................ 96 Tables Table III.1: Notable Developments and Events in the South China Sea, Focusing on China and Vietnam between 2013 and 2018..................................... 62 Table V.1: The Status of Taiwan as Viewed by Major Actors at Different Times within the Period under Consideration .......................................................... 98 Table VI.1: Typology of Weiquan lawyers .......................................... 126 Table VIII.1: Classification of Nudges Used in China’s Environmental Policies ................................................... 189 VIII Abbreviations 13.5 13th Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development A2/AD Anti-Access and Area Denial ACMECS Ayeyawady-Chao Phraya-Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy ACLA All-China Lawyers Association AI Artificial Intelligence AIIB Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank ARATS Association for Relations across the Taiwan Straits ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASEM Asia-Europe Meeting BRI Belt and Road Initiative CC Central Committee of the Communist Party of China CCGO Central Committee General Office CCICED China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development CCP Chinese Communist Party CLMV Cambodia-Laos-Myanmar-Vietnam CNNIC China Internet Network Information Center CPC Communist Party of China DPP Democratic Progress Party DWP Defense White Paper EPL Environmental Protection Law EEZ Exclusive Economic Zone GHGE Greenhouse Gas Emissions GMS Greater Mekong Subregion GONGO Government-organized Nongovernmental Organization GSMA Global System for Mobile Communications ICT Information and Communications Technology IMF International Monetary Fund IWRM Integrated Water Resources Management KMT Kuomintang LMCM Lancang-Mekong Cooperation Mechanism LMI Lower Mekong Initiative MGC Mekong-Ganga Cooperation MEE Ministry of Ecology and Environment IX MEP Ministry of Environmental Protection MOD Ministry of Defense MOOTW Military Operations Other Than War MRC Mekong River Commission MSF Marine Surveillance Force NDB New Development Bank NDRC National Development and Reform Commission NGO Nongovernmental Organization NPCSC National People’s Congress Standing Committee NSA National Security Agency OBOR One Belt, One Road ONI Office of Naval Intelligence PBOC People’s Bank of China PLA(N) People’s Liberation Army (Navy) PRC People’s Republic of China RWB Reporters Without Borders SCGO State Council General Office SCS Social Credit System SDGs Sustainable Development Goals SEF Straits Exchange Foundation SEPON SEPON Ltd. (Tanzanian Renewable Energy Developer) SSBNs Ballistic-Missile-Carrying Submarines SSRFAB South Sea Region Fisheries Administration Bureau SLOCs Strategic Sea Lines of Communication TPSN Territory, Place, Scale, Network UN United Nations UNCLOS United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea UNDP United Nations Development Programme US United States

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Abstract

The Chinese government has recently reconfirmed its “going global” strategy. Beijing is currently constructing a global “New Silk Road,” and has begun to engage in various transcontinental infrastructure projects. From the long-term perspective, the corridors of this New Silk Road might facilitate the exporting of Chinese governance paradigms and hence lead to the formation of institutions that pose a severe challenge to the existing liberal order. The essays in this volume thus take a closer look at recent governance innovations and domestic policy experimentations in China, and also discuss international and regional responses to China’s active positioning as a global power.

The book series East Asian Politics: Regional and Global Dynamics publishes cutting-edge research on dynamic changes in and recent development trends of East Asian politics. The series follows a multilevel framework of analysis: It examines the impact of global power shifts and the transformation of the international system on (domestic) politics in East Asia.