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Kristin H. Purfürst

Göttinnen, Kinnaris, Königinnen – Modelle der Weiblichkeit in der thailändischen Tempelmalerei, page 406 - 420

Eine religionswissenschaftliche Analyse

1. Edition 2020, ISBN print: 978-3-8288-4298-4, ISBN online: 978-3-8288-7219-6, https://doi.org/10.5771/9783828872196-406

Series: Religionen aktuell, vol. 27

Tectum, Baden-Baden
Bibliographic information
accharä 199f. akusala 121 Alltagsreligiosität, Volksr., thail. R. 12, 23, 48,122,125-127,167,169,183 Amittatäpanä 170, 261, 270-273, 294, 323, 331, 335, 343, 350, 358 anjali mudrä 262, 307 Anong 216, 225, 323, 334, 336, 338, 342, 359 Ang Thong 182,184, 251, 257, 261-263 Apsara 169 ,195 ,199f., 321, 325 Artefakt 33, 60, 76, 347 Arunawadi 195, 285 asura 105,170,173, 202, 225 Avalokitesvara 133 ,135f. Avidüre Nidäna 229f., 233, 235, 240, 243, 246 Ayudhya 304, 307f. Ayutthaya 2, 24, 26, 30, 53f., 59, 61, 76f., 96, 99 ,113 ,115 ,117f., 127f., 137,140, 144-153,155 ,159f., 166,168,175, 222, 240, 243, 252, 259, 263f., 278, 280, 297, 314, 354 Bahusodhari 171,190,196-200, 270, 321, 325, 334, 337f., 358 Bangkok 29, 41f., 55, 67, 71, 80, 8 2 ,104f., 113f., 117f., 123 ,141 ,143 ,153- 163, 166,168 ,181 ,183f., 186 ,192f., 200, 203-207, 227f., 230f., 243, 246, 254f., 259, 266, 274-276, 288-290, 296f., 299, 301f., 305, 307-311, 315-317, 320, 325, 331, 345 Barthes, Roland 19f., 46, 84,165 Bätschmann, Oskar 41, 48, 64 Bauch, Kurt 31, 35, 41, 48 Bhaddä KäpilämI 246, 325 Bhaddä Kundalakesä 246, 325 Bhaddakaccänä (oder Bhaddikaccä, Bhaddakaccä), Rähulamätä 166, 169, 228f., 232, 238-242, 245, 324, 357 bhikkhunl 169, 242, 246- 251, 325, 336f., 344, 351, 358, 360 bhumisparsa mudrä 70,144 Bildkunde 34f., 63, 78 Birmanen, Burma 91,130,137,148 bodhisatta 67,112,133,135,147,184,199, 210, 224, 228, 232-240, 252f., 260, 264-266, 273, 279-286 Bosch, Hieronymus 28, 61 Brahmä 74, 95,102,113,124,145,171,189, 202, 299 Register LIV Brahmanen, brahmanisch, Brahmanismus 101 ,112 ,119 ,124 ,126f., 129f., 132f., 135f., 138,140-142,171,180, 210, 212-215, 220, 225, 258-260, 269-271, 287, 322, 332f., 343, 345, 357, 359 Brahmas, Brahmawelt 104,178, 234f., 237, 279, 281 Buddha 24, 29, 42, 47, 53f., 63, 65, 67-70, 73f., 92-95,102f., 106f, 110-112,116f., 122f., 125f., 131-133,137,139-141,146,150f., 155,180,182,190,199, 207f., 210, 225, 228f., 238-240, 242, 244f., 247-250, 252, 320, 323, 334, 337 Buddhabildnis 64,109,111,123,130-134,139f., 141 ,144f., 149-151,154f., 158, 160, 263, 314f., 346 Buddha Märavijaya 132,144,146,180,183, 295f. Buddhaisawan-Kapelle 17, 41-43, 50f., 53, 58, 67f., 108 ,111 ,141 ,150 ,159f., 182, 230, 232f., 242f. Buddhapäda 95f., 103,141 Bussoba 118 ,166 ,168 ,170 ,193f., 253, 313 - 318, 331, 335, 337f., 342, 354, 357f. Canda (Canda-kinnara-Jataka) 187, 224-226, 240 Candä (kinnär!) 224-226, 240, 323, 333, 335, 339, 357 Candä (Prinzessin) 253, 276-278, 326, 328, 339 Candakumära 276-278 cau phau 272 cau thi 189 cetanä 121 Chagall, Marc 61 Chaiyä 130 ,135f. Chamadevi 131, 346, 353f. Champa 129,130,132,137 Chanok 183, 287-289, 291, 305, 329 Chaos 1, 64, 356 chedi 104 ,106f. Chenla 129f., 132 Chiang Mai 48 ,110 ,114 ,123 ,129 ,137f., 144,152,160,163,190, 207, 222f., 235, 237, 241f., 254, 256f., 261, 263f., 266, 268, 277 Chiang Rai 114,138,144 chong kraben 173,176,187,190, 215-217, 220, 222, 243, 245, 258, 269, 277, 288, 290, 321 Common sense 2 ,11 ,13 ,16 , 23,164, 355 Culani-Brahmadatta 60, 273-275 Dandäpamji 228 Dasajäti 95, 252f. Dasapäram! 252 Deformation 62, 72, 291, 356 LV deva 42, 48, 53, 73-75,101,104-106,112f., 116,124,151,170-179,199, 209, 225, 235, 255, 258, 279, 282, 284, 287-290, 292, 298-300, 305, 308, 319, 338 devadhTtä 171 ,179 ,183 ,189-200, 202, 206f., 272, 282, 284, 320, 322, 324 devaräja 124 ,132 ,136 ,145 ,154f., 343 devatä 104 ,106,112,116,124,127,166,171,193,196, 202, 209f., 216, 224, 242, 260, 320f., 325, 337 dev! 6 7 ,171-183, 294, 298, 303, 309, 312, 337f. dhamma 107,126,145, 246 Dhammadinnä 246, 325 dhammacakkappavattana-Sutta 121f. dhammaräja 139,145 Dhammayuttika Nikäya 154-158 Dhananjaya 187,190,196, 200f. dharmachakra 102 dharmachakra-mudrä 70 Dhatarattha 211 Dhepchumnum 111 dhyana-mudrä 70 DTgha Nikäya (DN) 140 Dreg 113 Dukülaka 197,199, 265f., 268 Dväravat! 98f., 129f., 131f., 134f., 145,149 Ecclesia 11,19, 22, 52, 58, 77-79,164, 323, 334, 349 Ehefrau, Gattin 12,15 ,118 ,165 ,170 ,173-175 ,177f., 253-265, 271, 285, 287f., 290f., 305, 307, 309-312, 314, 322, 327-335, 352f., 357f. Ekaräjä 275f. Emotion, emotional 1 ,17, 38, 44f., 49f., 55, 61-64, 70, 72, 83,103,164,185, 216, 263, 271, 312f., 341f., 360 Engel 202, 307 Epos, episch 178, 331, 337, 348 Erävana, Erawan 124,189, 209 Erleuchtung 51, 55, 74,110, 208, 228, 240, 242, 249, 345 formanalytisch 34, 41f., 85 formgeschichtlich 34, 41, 45, 76, 83f., 238 Foucault, Michel 1,10, 22 Frau 1 ,1 1 ,13f., 16, 20-22, 63, 87f., 116,125,167,175,179,182, 200, 208, 211, 223f., 226, 228, 239, 248, 253f., 259, 265, 269f., 280, 284f., 291, 293, 298f., 302, 307, 309f., 312, 319, 325, 327-329, 331, 341-345, 351, 353 Frauenbild 1 1 ,13f., 16, 22-25, 82, 251, 271f., 286, 332, 340, 345, 359 LVI Gandhabba 169-171, 201-202, 209 Gandhamädana- Gebirge 197 Ganesa 135 Geertz, Clifford 1, 7f., 16-18, 23, 52, 66 Gefolge 69, 274, 281, 299 Gender 9f., 20, 60,164, 293, 334, 342 Genderforschung 60,164 Geschlechterbild 9 ,12,164, 355, 360 Geschlechterrolle lf., 12, 73,118,165, 355 Gewalt 11, 60, 294 GTtavä 171 GotamT 169, 228, 246, 253, 276, 278, 325, 336, 358 Götter 42, 62f., 73 ,113,143,154,170,194, 202, 287 Gottesbild 62f. göttlich 17, 39, 73 ,113,122,124,169,177,183,186, 217 Guna 279 Gupta 91,129-132 Halbgott, Halbgötter, Halbgöttinnen 169-171,189, 202, 209, 252 Hanumän 226f., 294, 296, 307, 309f., 312, 315, 329, 339, 342, 344 Harihara 142 Haripunchai 131,144 Haripunjaya 92, 98,138 harmika 107 Hässlichkeit, hässlich 24, 62,121, 202, 314, 345 Haynal, Moran 61 Heilerin 15, 339 Heilige, die 15f., Held 103,112,116, 313, 348 Hermeneutisch 39, 41, 49, 64 Hexe 1 ,11 ,15 , 71,165 Hinduismus, hinduistisch 101, 104, 117, 119f., 134, 145, 165f., 177, 199, 313, 348 ho rakhang 108 ho trai 109 Hoher Stil, Hohestil 60 ,113,150,166,172,191, 203, 208, 216, 220, 222, 225 227, 243, 258, 282, 286, 288, 296, 301, 312, 316, 323, 325, 337 Idealisierung 1, 30 Idealkörper 57 LVII Identifikation 10,13, 40, 46f., 50, 65, 76- 78, 80, 82, 85-87,166,173f., 177, 202, 213, 229, 232f., 251f., 256, 268f., 277, 281, 284, 295, 312, 316, 349 Identifikationsfigur 246, 349 Identifikationsszene 253, 260, 264, 276 ikonographisch 34, 36, 41, 45-48, 59, 69, 78, 82-84,112,133,146, 211, 242, 322, 337, 357 Ikonologie, Ikonen, ikonologisch 17, 28, 37f., 41, 45f., 65f., 78f., 83,103 immanentisch 41, 48 Inao 9 5 ,117f., 313-318, 331, 335, 337, 342, 344 Inszenierung 2, 78 ,164 ,167 ,199f., 202, 212f., 220, 232, 271, 286, 311, 350, 353 Inthorachit 309 Irandati 166 ,193f., 207, 216, 220, 222f., 272, 322, 328, 333, 335, 337, 357f. Isan 90 ,113 ,128 ,185f., 190f., 237, 257, 263, 286 Isisinga 282-284, 336 Jäli 190, 253-256, 258 Jätaka 42, 44, 48, 58, 60, 67, 77, 79, 95 ,117 ,143f., 147 ,152 ,161 ,166f., 169,171, 173 ,175f., 183f., 187,190,193,196, 209-213, 222, 224-226, 232, 252f., 261, 264 267, 269, 272f., 275-277, 279, 281-286, 293, 320, 322f., 325-327, 330, 333, 336, 341, 344, 348, 357 Judith 15,19, 46, 78f., 86-88, 237 Jüjaka 259, 269-272 Jungfrau 1, l l f . , 15f., 22, 52f., 78f., 116 ,164f., 170f., 189,193, 208, 224, 233, 265, 288f., 308, 331, 343f. Käla Akhi 203-205, 310f. Kala Nak 203, 216, 224, 322 Kalaikot 284 kalatesa 350, 357 Kamang Kuning 314 Kambuja 129f. kamma 120-122 Kanhäjinä 190 Kena-Upanishad 177f. Khandahäla 273, 276, 326 Khatthana-Kumära-Jätaka 48 Khemä 157,169, 246, 248f., 325, 331 Khmer 91f., 98f., 108 ,124 ,128-138,145f., 149 khwän 126, 266 kinnara (m.), kinnär! (f.) 95 ,101 ,106 ,110 ,112 ,116 ,170 ,193 ,198f., 202, 205f., 208f., 219, 224-227, 241, 255, 265f., 270, 300, 312, 321, 323f., 330, 333, 334f., 338f., 345, 348, 360 LVIII Kirchenmalerei 38 Kommunikation 1, 8,12, 23, 31, 33f., 52, 54f., 60, 63, 83f., 86, 355 kommunikativistischer Fehlschluss 52, 63 Komposition 42, 65, 75, 96, l l l f . , 149,166, 214, 353 Königin 16, 21, 72, 113, 167, 172, 187, 201, 223-225, 250, 259, 273f., 281, 307, 310f., 331, 346, 349, 353f. Konzept 1, 22-26, 36, 39, 42, 55, 60, 62f., 66, 77f., 81f., 84f., 90,103,164-166, 171,173,179, 200f., 240, 242, 246, 253, 319f., 323-326, 330-333, 336, 339, 341 343, 347 Körper 7, 9,15, 42, 54, 62, 71-74, 79, 81-83, 9 5 ,121f., 144,175,177,179,187, 194, 210, 237, 240, 266, 268, 283, 298, 303, 308, 310, 327, 330, 335, 343, 345f., 356, 358, 360 Körperbewusstsein 62, 73 Körperbilder 23, 62, 72 Körperdarstellung 44, 70 Körperhaltung 44, 54, 70, 74,167, 216, 274, 320, 356, 359 Körperideal, -Vorstellung 42, 44 Körperform 24, 61, 74,103,113,140, 356 Körperschmuck 24, 74 ,176 ,179 ,185f., 190,192,194,198-200, 215, 217, 219, 225, 229, 234, 238, 255, 258, 261, 263, 276, 288, 290, 295, 300f., 306, 312, 316, 321, 356 Kosmologie 2f., 24, 6 3 ,104f., 108,110,124,151,169,170,173,177, 202, 333, 352 Kriegerin 15,167, 253, 313, 353 Kunstgeschichte 6, 9, 24, 48, 74, 83f., 89,128,164, 293 Kunstwerk 2, 7, 24, 31, 35, 40f., 48f., 52,162 kusala 121 Kushan 103,180 kuti 109 lakhon 94,116,118,148,192, 313, 323 Lakkhana Sutta 140,144 Lalitavistara (LV) 69,182, 228, 233, 238 Lan Na, Lanna, Lan-Na-Thai 9 8 ,128f., 131 ,136 ,138 ,144 ,146 ,152f., 160,168, 224, 263, 312, 346, 353 Leben-des-Buddha 95,167,169, 210, 228, 252, 333, 344, 348, 357 Leid 66,120, 210, 301, 312, 323 Lithai 47, 95,104,117,139,171, 209f. Loei 114,185, 233 Loi Kratong 126 lokapälä 171 LIX Lopburi 98,131-134,145, 277 Löwe (slha) 66,102,110,133, 209, 261 Maddi 65, 67, 7 9 ,166f., 170, 243, 253-265, 271f., 322, 326-329, 334-336, 341, 343, 351, 357, 359 Madewi 314f. mae chii 250 Mae Phosop 180 Maha Romasing 307 Mahä-Vagga 210 Mahäjanaka 65, 6 7 ,1 7 1 ,183f., 186,188, 232, 252, 320, 326, 272, 280f., 320, 326, 334, 336f., 349 Mahämäyä 79,169,179,199, 223, 228-230, 232-234, 238, 246, 272, 316, 322 324, 328, 334, 341, 357, 359 Mahänipäta 117, 225 Mahäpajäpat! Gotam! 157,169, 228, 246-248, 253, 323-325, 358 Mahävamsa 228f., 239 Mahävastu (MV) 182, 228, 233, 238 Mahäyäna 102 ,130 ,132 ,135f., 138 Mahosadha 60, 79, 210, 252, 273-275, 326 Majjhima-Nikäya 140 Mallikä 21 Manimekhalä 65,169-171,183-188, 229, 272, 287, 319f., 333f., 337f. Manipulation 79, 308 Manuskriptmalerei 77, 93,188, 226, 334 Mara, Mära 50,110,182, 207f., 319, 333 Märavijaya 132 ,144 ,146 ,180 ,182f., 295f. Maria 15, 79,165, 349 mau 126 Menschenbild 62, 72 Meru 67, 70 ,104 ,106f., 110,197, 321 Methodik 26f., 31, 37, 45,165 Modell 14-16,19, 21-23, 30, 59, 76 ,111 ,155 ,158 ,164f., 229, 242, 253, 265, 272, 287, 323, 334f. Mon 91, 98f. ,128f., 130-132,134,136-138,145 Mondop 143f. Mongkut (Räma IV.) 2, 41, 91, 94, 98 ,114,127,155,160,197 Mucalinda, mukhalinga 210 mudrä 70,140,144,187, 261, 306 Mudulakkhana 79,170,193, 264, 273, 281f., 335, 338f., 345, 357f. LX Mukdahan 114 ,185f., 243, 261, 263 Mukuta 142 Mythenbildung 21 mythisch 19-21, 47, 84, 86, 209, 238, 324, 332, 348, 350 Mythos 19-21 näga, nägis 95 ,101 ,109 ,112 ,126 ,132f., 170, 202f., 205f., 209-224, 305, 307, 312, 321-323, 359 Nakhon ST Thamarät 136 Na.linikä 170,195, 226, 253, 282-284, 316, 328, 330, 335, 339, 357 Nanda 247, 276 Nandä(devl) 273-275, 326, 328 Nang Montho 170f., 177-179,188,194, 202-206, 287, 291f., 305f., 307-312, 315f., 321f., 328, 330f., 334, 336, 338f., 342, 357f. nang ng-uek, Meermensch, Meerjungfrau 116, 224, 226-227, 323, 337 Nang Sida 14, 61, 73, 75, 79 ,108,116,164,166,168,170-172,178f., 183,194, 203, 229, 243, 253, 260, 264, 271f., 287-307, 309f., 312, 316, 319, 322, 326-331, 334-338, 341, 343, 348, 351f., 354, 357-359 Nara 224 Närada 199, 252, 279, 330, 336, 349 Naresuan 53, 76f., 215, 258 nen 123 nerayika 208 nibbana 107 Nidänakathä (NK) 182, 228 Niedere Stil 60,150 nikäya 102,148,154,156-158, 210, 246f., 341, 344f. Nimbus 67, 74,172,179,199, 201, 277, 300, 303 Nimi 252, 349 Nong No Nuea 114, 261, 263, 269f. Nonthok 194f. nonverbal 1, 5, 8f., 26, 28, 30f., 55, 59 Nordthailand 9 8 ,116f., 131,152,168,191, 224, 237, 263, 269, 277, 285, 347 Ordnung lf., 16f., 21, 42, 44, 64f., 86 ,110,118,153,168,170, 223, 352, 356 Padumä 169f., 226, 253, 265, 285f., 327-330, 357f. Pahom 213 Päläta 209 Pallava 130 Pancälacand! 273-275, 326, 328, 338, 342 Pancasikha 202 LXI pancaslla 228, 324 Pannäsa Jätaka, Pannäsa-Jätaka 48, 95,117,144,152,161, 224, 285 paramitä 228 Pärikä 170,197,199, 253, 261, 265-269, 287, 328, 330f., 334, 339, 341, 343, 345, 349, 358 Patäcärä 169, 246-249, 325, 331, 336 Personifikation 1 ,1 1 ,15f., 22,125, 333 petä 112, 202, 345 pha biang 173, 217, 243, 274, 276 Phaina Suriwong 309f., 312 Phali 308, 315, 342 phap kak 113 phi/ phi 112 ,124f., 127,155,180,189 phi ruan 126,196 Phi Süa Samut 204, 321, 333 Phipek 287, 298, 310, 321 Phra Buddha Sihing 123,141,160 Phrä Int 171, 290f., 299, 303, 305 Phrä Isuan 171,177,179,194, 203, 287, 289, 305, 307, 309, 338 Phra Kaeo Morakot 5 3 ,123f., 160 Phra Khaphung 124,139,141 Phrä Laksami 169,171-179,194, 287, 305, 309 Phrä Lop 303 Phrä Malai 95,117 Phrä Mongkut 303f. Phrä Narai 116,171,177-179,194f., 287, 305, 309 Phrä Phrom 124,171, 203 Phrä Phrot 72, 291, 303 phrä rabiang 7 1 ,108f., 160f., 177,183, 299, 307, 331 phu wiset 158 Phusatl 169f., 171-179, 253-256, 312, 319, 324, 327, 333f., 338, 340, 344, 357 Phutthawat 108f., 160 Piliyakkha 197, 266 Plastik 1, 7, 9, 37f., 77, 91-93, 95f., 102f., 129 ,131 ,134 ,140f., 146f., 158,166, 180,182,199, 219, 244, 295, 334, 348 Polajanaka 280 Polemik 28, 52, 79 Portalskulpturen 11, 22, 52, 58,164 Prajnäpäramitä 133f. LXII prang 91 ,108 ,149f. Prasanta 318 profan 1 6 ,18f., 38f., 46, 58, 65, 67, 77, 94 ,166 ,168f., 202, 238, 272, 303, 306, 324, 334, 337, 341, 343, 347, 351, 357, 359 Projektionsfläche 62, 356 Prototyp 84-87 Punna 122, 242 Punnaka 201, 216, 222, 337 Rad der Lehre 74,102,107 Raffael da Urbino 61 Rähulamätä 166,169, 229, 232, 238-240, 242, 245, 324, 357 Räma I 9 8 ,1 4 8 ,153f., 160,192, 302 Räma II 98,117,154,160, 313 Räma III 98 ,101 ,154f., 160,197, 250 Räma IV (Mongkut) 2, 41, 91, 94, 98 ,114,127,155,160,197 Räma V (Chulalongkorn) 29, 98,156,160,197, 351 Räma VI (Vajiravudh) 98 Räma VII 98 Räma VIII 98 Räma IX 98, 263 Räma X 98 Räma Kamhaeng 92 ,129 ,138f., 144 Ramasun 184, 320 Ramathibodi 145,153 Rämäyana 26, 29, 9 7 ,1 5 3 ,177f., 203, 287, 293 RämmakTan 29, 47, 9 5 ,1 0 8 ,116f., 137, 153 ,160 ,177f., 183f., 195, 203, 208f, 224, 226, 229, 264, 271f., 284, 287, 289f., 293, 295, 298, 300-302, 304f., 307-310, 315, 317, 320, 322, 326, 331, 342, 352 rasmi 141 Rat! 208 Rattanakosin 2, 26, 82, 98 ,113 ,128 ,153-163,165f., 172, 243, 261, 263, 276f., 282, 286, 296, 312f. Reinheit 2 ,15, 64f., 79,118, 207, 224, 300, 338f., 343, 356, 358 Religionsästhetik 6-16, 31, 42, 62, 84, 293 Religionswissenschaft 1-3, 5-9,14, 23f., 27, 31, 35, 37-39, 41f., 46-50, 52, 54, 56f., 59f., 62-64, 72, 74,164-167, 355, 360 Repräsentation 2, 7,12-16,19-24, 27, 30, 32f., 45, 71, 85f., 350f. rezeptionsästhetisch 34-36, 54f., 78, 82 Rituale 1, 7, 23, 28, 56, 60, 78, 80,112,126, 313, 338f. LXIII Rollenkonzept 1, 9, 348 Rudra 177f. Rujä 79,170, 253, 279f., 316, 330, 338f., 345, 351, 358 Sabai 173,187,192, 217, 220, 243, 274, 276, 288 Saha Bodi Phrom Phrä Phrom Sakka 42, 67, 73-75,103,113,170-179,187,199, 203, 207, 210, 216, 225, 235, 239, 259f., 265, 276, 282, 284, 287, 290, 303, 312, 327f., 334 sakral 2, 8, 23, 30, 39, 77, 94 ,127 ,168f. Sakulä 246, 325 Sala 108, 234, 337 Salome 15, 78, 87f. Säma 190,197,199, 252, 265, 267, 287 Samädhi 141,146 Samanakha 169, 204, 291, 295f., 321, 333-335, 339, 341, 357 Sämaner! 250 Samuddajä 210f., 213, 216, 321f., 339, 341 Sangha 103 ,107 ,126 ,153f., 156f. Sangharäja 153 Sanghawat 108f. Sanjaya 175, 253-256 Saraburi 114,158,182,185, 261, 263, 269f., 319 Schmid, Pia 13f., 113, 323 Schmuck 24, 30, 44, 62, 72-74,112-114,165,172, 253,193, 207f., 216f., 219f., 222, 226, 281, 283, 312, 315, 319, 328 Schönheit 16, 6 4 ,113 ,145f., 194, 202f., 209, 225, 240, 246, 248, 253, 274, 284, 294, 296, 298, 300, 303, 307, 317, 321, 324f.,327, 330, 339, 342, 350, 356, 358 Sedlmayr, Hans 34f., 37, 41, 48, 64, 76 Siddhattha Gotama 199, 252, 287 Sigäla Mätäti 246, 325 Signifikant 19-21, 46f., 83f., 86,165 Signifikat 19, 21, 46 slha, Löwe 66,102,110,133, 209, 261 sinh 222 Siva 9 5 ,1 0 6 ,132f., 135 ,142 ,145 ,154 ,170f., 177f., 203, 338 STvaH(devT) 170, 232, 253, 272f., 280f., 326-328, 331, 334-336, 351, 357 Skanda135 Soll-Sein-Ordnung 21, 23 Sonä 246, 325 Songkhla 57,119,185, 241f., 261, 263 LXIV sozialgeschichtlich 10, 34, 47, 56f. spirit 119,125-127 Srivijaya 98,128-130,132,135f., 149 Stereotyp lf., 15,19, 28,116,118,162, 242, 328, 357 stüpa 104,106,108,151, 337 Sucittä 171 Sudassana 105, 210f. Suddhodana 228-230, 246f. Sudhamma 171 Südthailand 120,130, 225, 263 suea pat 277 Sujä, Sujätä 65 ,169 ,171-179,188, 242-245, 287, 290, 298, 316, 320, 324f, 328, 337, 358f. Sukhothai 53, 92, 95, 98f., 104 ,123f., 128f., 131,136-146,150, 295f. Sumana(devT) 273 Sumeru 4 2 ,104f., 173, 209 Sunandä 171, 276 Sundarinandä 246, 325 supanna109 Supanna Matcha 226f., 315, 333, 337, 342 Suphanburi 114 ,174 ,176 ,184f, 266, 319 Suppabuddha 228, 239, 246 sütra 73f. Sutta 95 ,117 ,121f., 140,144, 210, 341, 344f. Suvannasäma 265f, 268 Suwanna Abson 194f., 333, 335 Svastika 102 Symbol, Symbolik 8,16, 31, 41f., 45, 47, 58, 64, 66f., 70, 72, 74f., 78f., 81-83, 85f., 88, 95,102-104,106-109,123,126,132f., 147,154,167, 306, 355f. Synagoge 11, 22, 28, 52, 58, 77-79,164, 323, 333f. Talatä 273 Tämrä Devarüpa 101 tävatimsä 4 2 ,1 4 0 ,169f., 173-175,183,190,192, 209, 276, 284, 336 Temiya 190,196, 252, 277, 336, 349 Tempel 14, 23, 26, 28, 38, 68, 79, 90, 93, 96, 98,109,114,119,128,132,148, 152f., 159-161,173,175, 200, 229, 237, 250, 253, 257, 266, 269, 272, 286, 293 Tempelmalerei 21, 23, 38, 49, 62, 65, 82, 9 0 ,102-118,159,164f., 169f., 180,182, 239, 252, 261, 280, 326f., 330-333, 335, 342, 348-351, 353-355, 359f. tham bun/punna 122,125, 242 LXV Thao Maha Phroms 124 Theravada 2, 92 ,102,123,125,127,130,135-137,148,156,180, 343, 347 Thevadä126 Thonburi 50, 60, 82, 98 ,123,128 ,153 ,159 ,184-186 ,189 ,191 ,193 ,197f., 212, 225f., 229, 232, 236, 241-243, 254f., 257, 266, 274, 276, 278, 280, 282f., 285f., 319f., 335 Thoranee 169f., 180-183, 229, 282, 287, 305f., 318-320, 333f., 337f., 359 thosachat 210, 252f. Thotsakan 75,169,176-179,194, 203-206, 226, 264, 271, 287, 291-295, 297f., 300f., 305-312, 315, 321f., 326, 329, 331, 334f., 338f. Thron 67,104,109,139,153, 286, 310 thupa 104,106-108,142,150,199 tipitaka 47,139, 220, 252, 341, 343, 359 Traiphumikatha 47, 95 ,104 ,117,139,168,171,173,183, 201f. trishula 102,142 ubosot 3,104,108-111,151f., 169,192, 210, 229, 306, 313, 333, 348, 351 Udäna 210 Udumbarä 273, 326 Unakan 170, 317f., 331, 338 Unordnung 64, 216, 356 Unreinheit 64 Unterwelt 64, 68, 202, 322 Uparäja 158 Upäsikä 250 Uppalavannä 169, 246, 325 ürna 74 ushnlsha 74,132,141,158 Van der Leeuw, Geradus 5, 49 Varuna 220, 321 verfolgte Unschuld 13f., 20,113,164, 293, 342 Verführerin 15 ,165 ,167f., 195, 253, 282-284, 333, 335 Videha 60, 273f., 326, 342 Vidhurapandita 190,196, 210, 222, 252, 272, 320 Vimalä 220, 321 Visible Religion 5f. Visnu 95,104,127,133,135,142,145,171 Visualisierung 6 ,12f., 17, 22f., 38, 61, 68, 8 1 ,164f. vitarka mudrä 140 Wachira 307 LXVI Wächter(figuren) 92 ,105 ,109 ,111 ,170 ,183f., 189,196, 202, 204, 210, 320 Wahrnehmung 1, 7f., 27, 32f., 42, 45, 50, 60, 63f., 81, 83-85,122,127, 260 Wanarin 227, 342 Wandmalerei 2f., 14, 24, 26, 41f., 47, 38, 53, 58, 64, 67f., 73, 75, 78, 80, 89f., 92, 94, 99 ,101 ,103 ,114 ,117 ,128 ,142 ,149f., 160-162,168,182,186, 319, 334, 336, 343, 348f., 351, 355f., 358, 360 Wat Buak Khrok Luang 207, 222f., 254, 256-258, 266 Wat Chantaburi 185 Wat Chedi Chet Thaeo 136,150 Wat Kassattrathirat 54, 258 Wat Khongkharam 60,182,193, 221-223, 225, 227, 235, 237, 274, 286, 316, 343 Wat Khrueawan 184-186 Wat Lattikwan 185f. Wat Machimawat 185, 261, 263 Wat Machimawitthayaram 5 0 ,191f. Wat Mahä Thät 136,148,150 Wat Muang 184, 251 Wat Neramit 233, 276 Wat No Phutthangkun 114,174-176,184-186,197-199, 266, 319 Wat Phra Kaew (Wat Phra Kaeo) 14, 29, 7 1 ,108f., 160f., 171f., 177f., 183f., 194f., 203-206, 226f., 255, 288-290, 293-297, 299, 301f., 304f., 307-311, 315, 319, 331, 336 Wat Phra La 54 Wat Phumin 48,161 Wat Rakhang Khositaram 174f., 184-187,192, 200f., 254f., 266, 274-276, 278, 319, 328 Wat Saket 44, 58, 200f., 254, 259, 266, 268 Wat Sanuanwari 80,191, 263 Wat Sri Charoem 243, 261, 263 Wat Sri Khun Mueang 185 Wat Suwan Dararam 187 Wat Suwannaram 159,193,197-199, 254, 266, 268, 276, 280, 282, 316, 320, 335 Wat Thepthidaram 80f. Wat Yai Intharam 50, 60,185, 319, 343 Watchamarük 302f., 326, 329 Weltordnung 42, 357 Wiesing, Lambert 32-34, 45, 63, 83 wihan 3, 48, 95, 108f., 152f., 169, 210, 212-214, 217, 219f., 226, 229, 246, 261, 276f., 306, 313, 316f., 331, 333, 336, 344, 348 LXVII Wille 94,121, 265, 292, 315, 338 Wisut 307 yakkha (p., m.)/ yakkhinl (p., f.) 53, 67, 95, 101, 103, 109, 112, 116, 118, 151, 169-171., 177, 180, 182, 184, 189, 194f., 200-207, 209, 216, 222, 224, 226, 238, 272, 283, 287, 291f., 294-296, 298-300, 307, 312, 320-323, 331, 333, 335, 337f., 344, 348, 351 Yälä 136 Zentralthailand 82, 90, 9 8 ,157 ,166f., 168,172,184,186,191,197,199, 220, 222, 229, 235, 263, 270 LXVIII

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Abstract

Religions design specific gender images and transport them into society through a variety of visual media. Kristin H. Purfürst focuses on designs of female role models in Thai Buddhist temple paintings and inquires about the emergence of female stereotypes in a process of mutual influence between religion and society.

At the same time, the volume provides a basic set of methodological tools for the analysis of visual non-verbal sources from a religious studies perspective. Because of the interdisciplinary nature of the problem, topics of gender studies, Southeast Asian religious and art history as well as the methodology of religious studies are linked for the first time.

Zusammenfassung

Religionen entwerfen spezifische Geschlechterbilder und transportieren diese durch eine Vielzahl visueller Medien in die Gesellschaft. Kristin H. Purfürst richtet den Fokus auf Entwürfe weiblicher Rollenmodelle in thailändisch-buddhistischen Tempelmalereien und erfragt die Entstehung weiblicher Stereotype im Prozess wechselseitiger Einflussnahme zwischen Religion und Gesellschaft.

Zugleich stellt der Band ein grundlegendes methodisches Instrumentarium für die Analyse visueller nonverbaler Quellen aus religionswissenschaftlicher Perspektive bereit. Durch die interdisziplinäre Fragestellung werden Themen der Genderforschung, südostasiatischen Religions- und Kunstgeschichte sowie der religionswissenschaftlichen Methodik erstmalig verknüpft.