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Entscheidungsverzeichnis in:

Arne Schmieke

Der Unterschied zwischen dinglichen und persönlichen Rechten an Immobilien im südafrikanischen Recht, page 311 - 330

1. Edition 2017, ISBN print: 978-3-8288-4095-9, ISBN online: 978-3-8288-6936-3, https://doi.org/10.5771/9783828869363-311

Tectum, Baden-Baden
Bibliographic information
Entscheidungsverzeichnis Entscheidung Absa Bank Ltd. t/a Bankfin v Jordashe Auto CC African and European Invest ment Co. Ltd. v Warren and oth ers Air-Kel (EDMS) Bpk. h/a Merkel Motors v Bodenstein en 'n ander Alexander v Johns Amavuba (Pty.) Ltd. v Pro Nobis Landgoed (Edms.) Bpk. and oth ers Ambassador Factors Corporation v K. Koppe & Co. Anglo Operations Ltd. v Sand hurst Estates (Pty.) Ltd. Apostoliese Geloofsending van Suid-Afrika (Maitland Gemeente) v Capes Armstrong (in his capacity as representative of Lloyds Under writers) v Bhamjee Associated South African Bake ries (Pty.) Ltd. v Oryx & Verei nigte Bäckereien (Pty.) Ltd. en andere Australita Estates (Pty.) Ltd. v Rix Fundstelle Fußnotg/n 2003 (1) SA 620, 624 (SCA) 401 1924 AD 308 277 1980 (3) SA (A) 621, 624 917 1912 AD 431 381, 424, 434 1984 (3) SA (N) 679 760 1949 (1) SA (T) 614 312 2007 (2) SA 520 (SCA) 363 1978 (4) SA (C) 274 48 1991 (3) SA (A) 454 195 1982 (3) SA (A) 731 893 1984 (1) SA (C) 679 500 311 AXZS Industries v A F Dreyer 2004 (4) SA (W) 202 (Pty.) Ltd. and others 186 BEF (Pty.) Ltd. v Cape Town 1983 (2) SA (C) 428 Municipality and others 387 Bekker and another v Jika 2002 (4) SA (E) 688 508 Benoni Town Council v Minister 1978 (1) SA (T) 797, 800 of Agricultural Credit and Land 978 Tenure Berger v Bloemfontein Town 1935 O P D 115 434 Council Betta Eiendommme (Pty.) Ltd. v 2000 (4) SA (W) 678 Ekple-Epoh 468 Beyers v McKenzie 1880 Foord 125 204,205, 206 Bhamjee en 'n ander v Mergold 1983 (4) SA (T) 454 Beleggings 555 Bisschop v Stafford 1974 (3) SA (A) 1 385 Blanckenberg and another v For- 1955 (3) SA (C) 428 bes 170 Bodasingh's Estate v Suleman I960 (1) SA (N) 490, 492,1223 288 Botha v Fick 1995 (2) SA (A) 666 750 Botha v Minister of Lands and 1965 (1) SA (A) 709, 715 another 728 Bowring N.O. v Vrededorp 2007 (5) SA 747, 749, 751, Properties CC and another (SCA) 391 752, 754, 755 312 Braun v Blann and Botha N.N.O and another British South Africa Company v Bulawayo Municipality Brits and another v Eaton N.O. and others Buchholtz v Buchholtz Campbell v Blue Lime Associa tion Ltd. Campbell v Hall Camps Bay Ratepayers and Residents Association and others v Minister of Planning, Culture and Administration, Western Cape and others Cape Explosive Works Ltd. v Denel (Pty.) Ltd. Chetty v Naidoo Chiloane v Maduenyane Chong Sun Wood Products Pte Ltd. v K&T Trading Ltd. and an other 1984 (2) SA (A) 850 1919 AD 84 1984 (4) SA (T) 728 1980 (3) SA (W) 424 1918 TPD 309 [1774] EngR 5; (1774) 1 Cowp 204, 98 ER 1045 2001 (4) SA (C) 294 2001 (3) SA (SCA) 569 1974 (3) SA (A) 13 1980 (4) SA (W) 19 2001 (2) SA (D) 651 550, 562 1016 209 584 724 64 405, 418, 419, 420 266, 862,1038, 1073,1135,1146, 1266 306, 677, 680, 681, 684, 685 584 550 313 City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality v Link Africa (Pty.) Ltd. and others 2015 (6) SA (CC) 440 525, 526 Colonial Development (Pty.) Ltd. v Outer West Local Council 2002 (2) SA (N) 589 335 Commissioner for Inland Reve nue v Lazarus' Estate and anoth er 1958 (1) SA (A) 311 576 Commissioner of Customs and Excise v Randles Brothers and Hudson Ltd. 1941 AD 369 202, 632 ConvW ei l 1950 (2) SA (C) 415 492,1223 Concor Construction (Cape) (Pty.) Ltd. v Santambank Ltd. 1993 (3) SA (A) 930 620 Consistory of Steytlerville v Bosman (1892-1893) 10 SC 67 607,1073,1092 Contract Forwarding (Pty.) Ltd. v Chesterfin (Pty.) Ltd. 2003 (2) SA (SCA) 253 729 Cornelissen N.O. v Universal Caravan Sales (Pty.) Ltd. 1971 (3) SA (A) 158 614, 622 Cussons en andere v Kroon 2001 (4) SA (SCA) 833 731, 733, 735, 743, 744, 745 De Jager v Sisana 1930 AD 71 728, 733, 760, 772 De Wet v Santam Bpk. 1996 (2) SA (A) 629 614 Denel (Pty.) Ltd. v Cape Explo sive Works Ltd. and another; Cape Explosive Works Ltd. v Denel (Pty.) Ltd. and others Desai N.O. v Desai and others Dhayanundh v Narain Dreyer and another N.N.O. v AXZS Industries (Pty.) Ltd. Du Toit and others v Furstenberg and others Dun and Bradstreet (Pty.) Ltd. v S.A. Merchants Combined Credit Bureau (Cape) (Pty.) Ltd. Durban City Council v Woodhaven Ltd. and others East London Western Districts Farmers' Association v Minister of Education and Development Aid Ehrlich v Rand Cold Storage and Supply Co. Ltd. Ellis v Viljoen Elliston v Reacher Enslin v Vereeniging Town Council 1999 (2) SA (T) 214, 770, 861, 419 1081,1082,1124, 1137,1230 1996 (1) SA (A) 624 141 1983 (1) SA (N) 730, 754 565 2006 (5) SA 620 (SCA) 548 1957 (1) SA (O) 271 501 1968 (1) SA (C) 932 209 1987 (3) SA (A) 229, 447, 448 555 1989 (2) SA (A) 357 63 1911 TPD 170 572, 573 2001 (4) SA (C) 688, 691 795 (1908) 2 Ch 374 423, 425 1976 (3) SA (T) 442, 443 443 315 Erlax Properties (Pty.) Ltd. v Reg- 1992 (1) SA (A) istrar of Deeds and others 879 459,1073,1081 Estate Kemp and others v 1915 AD 491 557, 576 McDonald's Trustee Ex parte Estate Kelly 1942 OPD 265 566, 577 Ex parte Geldenhuys 1926 OPD 155 767,771,796, 800, 806, 834, 1073,1074,1084, 1093,1095,1096, 1097,1099 1139, 1188,1253,1256 Ex parte Mackenzie, N.O. and 1950 (3) SA (O) 186 another 507 Ex parte Master of the Supreme 1906 TS 563 173,174,175, Court 178,185,1006, 1011,1012 Ex parte Menzies et Uxor 1993 (3) SA (C) 271, 272, 280, 799 281, 771, 785 Ex parte Millsite Investment Co. 1965 (2) SA (T) 435 (Pty.) Ltd. 582 Ex parte Milton N.O. 1959 (3) SA 567 (SRH) 357 Ex parte Pierce and Others 1950 (3) SA (O) 186, 815, 845, 628 846, 847, 848, 849, 850,1190, 1260,1262 Ex parte Puppli 1975 (3) SA (D) 271,272 461 Ex parte Vinkati Investments 1965 (4) SA (W) 430 (Pty.) Ltd. and others 421 316 Ex parte Will G. Hare (Pty.) Ltd. 1958 (4) SA (C) 428, 458 416 Ex parte Zimba Holdings (Pty.) Ltd. Ex parte Zunckel Executors, Estate Napier v Trus tee, Estate Weir Falch v Wessels Feldmann (Pty.) Ltd. v Mall Felix en 'n ander v Nortier N.O. en andere Fine Wool Products of South Af rica Ltd. v Director of Valuations First National Bank of SA Ltd t/a Wesbank v Commissioner, South African Revenue Service and an other; First National Bank of SA LTD t/a Webank v Minister of Finance Forsdick Motors Ltd. v Lauritzen and another Frankel Pollak Vinderine Inc. v Stanton N.O. Frye's (Pty.) Ltd. v Ries (4) SA (T) 435 NPD 295 785 SR 33 1089 (4) SA (T) 167 AD 733 99 (4) SA (SE) 1079 (4) SA (E) 187, 869, 870, 871, 872, 873, 874,1013,1089, 1271,1273 (4) SA (CC) 342 (3) SA (N) 208 (1) SA (W) 257 (3) SA (A) 242, 259, 281, 738 1948 774 1937 1927 1983 172 1945 1994 498 1950 490 2002 768 1967 249 2000 425 1957 575 317 Gien v Gien 1979 (2) SA (T) 297, 299 1113 Godongwana v Mpisana 1982 (4) SA 931 (TSC) 814 Grant and another v Stonestreet 1968 (4) SA (A) 1 728, 730, 732, and others 754, 757, 760 Grosvenor Motors 1956 (3) SA (A) 683, 702, 703 (Potchefstroom) Ltd. v Douglas 420 Hansen's Estate v Commissioner 1956 (1) SA (A) 566 for Inland Revenue 398 Hartland Implemente (Edms.) 2002 (3) SA (NC) 680, 681 Bpk. v Enal Eiendomme BK en 653 andere Hassam v Shaboodien and others 1996 (2) SA (C) 733, 735 720 Hattingh v Robertson (1904) 21 SC 273 434 Heynes Mathew Ltd. v Gibson 1950 (1) SA (C) 185 N.O. 13 Hofgaard v Registrar of Mining 1908 TS 650 743 Rights, Stephenson and D'Elboux Holland v Scott (1881-1882) 2 77 EDC 307 Hollins v Registrar of Deeds 1904 TS 603 796, 875,1005, 1013,1021,1029 Hollmann and another v Estate 1970 (3) SA (A) 385 Latre 638 318 Houtpoort Mining and Estate Syndicate Ltd. v Jacobs Incorporated Law Society, Transvaal v Visse and others Info Plus v Scheelke and another Isaacman v Miller J.H. Wade v A.M. Paruk Jajbhay v Cassim Jansen v Fincham Jansen v Pienaar Johaadien v Stanley Porter (Paarl) (Pty.) Ltd. Jonordon Investment (Pty.) Ltd. v de Aar Drankwinkel (Edms.) Bpk. and others Joosub v j l Case SA (Pty.) Ltd. (now known as Construction & Special Equipment Co. (Pty.) Ltd.) and others Joubert and others v Van Rensburg and others Joyce & McGregor, Ltd. v The Surveyor-General Kain v Khan 1904 TS 105 281 1958 (4) SA (T) 115 567 1998 (3) SA (SCA) 184 616, 620 1922 TPD 56 931 (1904) 25 NLR 219 709, 713, 714, 1939 AD 537 640 1892 (9) SC 289 738, 754 (1881) 1 SC 276 932 1970 (1) SA (A) 394 700, 702 1969 (2) SA (C) 117 452, 458 1992 (2) SA (N) 665 707 2001 (1) SA (W) 679 753 1929 CPD 325 416 1986 (4) SA (C) 499, 762,1224 251 319 Kazazis v Georghiades en andere Kessooperasedh en 'n ander v Essop en 'n ander Klerck N.O. v Van Zyl and Maritz N.N.O. and another and related cases Kleyn v Theron Knysna Hotel CC v Coetzee N.O. Kopelowitz v West and others Kruger v Downer Lange and others v Liesching and others Lendalease Finance (Pty.) Ltd. v Corporacion de Mercadeo Agricola and others Letsitele Stores (Pty.) Ltd. v Roets and others Levin and another v Gutkin, Fisher and Schneier N.N.O. and others Lief N.O. v Dettmann 1979 (3) SA (T) 731 886 1970 (1) SA (A) 490, 492, 728, 265 760, 762,1223 1989 (4) SA 209 (SEC) 263 1966 (3) SA (T) 428, 442, 458 264 1998 (2) SA 266 (SCA) 743 1954 (4) SA (W) 208 296 1976 (3) SA (W) 396 172 1880 Foord 55 707 1976 (4) SA (A) 614 464 1958 (2) SA (T) 447, 454 224 1997 (3) SA (W) 564 267 1964 (2) SA (A) 665, 672 252 320 Lorentz v Melle and Others Low Water Properties (Pty.) Ltd. and another v Wahloo Sand CC Lucas' Trustee v Ismail and Amod Macdonald Ltd. v Radin N.O. and the Potchefstroom Dairies & Industries Co. Ltd. Majola v Ibhayi City Council Malan and another v Ardconnel Investments (Pty.) Ltd. Manganese Corporation Ltd. v South African Manganese Ltd. Matthee v Schietekat McGregor v Jordaan and another MEC for Local Government and Finance, KwaZulu Natal v North Central & South Central Local Councils, Durban and others Mehlape v Minister of Safety and Security 1978 (3) SA (T) 1044 1999 (1) SA (SEC) 655 1905 TS 239 1915 AD 454 1990 (3) SA (E) 540 1988 (2) SA (A) 12 1964 (2) SA (W) 185 1959 (1) SA (C) 344 1921 CPD 301 (1999) All SA (N)5 1996 (4) SA (W) 133 377, 381, 384, 385, 387, 446, 772, 816, 817, 818, 819, 820, 1079,1081,1082, 1100, 1101, 1102, 1103,1119,1190, 1249 732, 768, 771, 781 204, 577 167 685 379, 408, 427, 435, 442 531 584 744 311 681 321 Menezes v McGaili 1971 (2) SA (C) 12 739 Mignoel Properties (Pty.) Ltd. v Kneebone Mngadino N.O. v Ntuli and oth ers Möller v South African Railways and Harbours Morkels Transport (Pty.) Ltd. v Melrose Foods (Pty.) Ltd. and another Morobane v Bateman Municipality of Boshof v Kerkeraad of Boshof Mvusi v Mvusi N.O. and others National Stadium South Africa (Pty.) Ltd. and others v Firstrand Bank Ltd. Ncume v Kula Ndlovu v Ngcobo, Bekker and another v Jika Nedcor Bank Ltd. v ABSA Bank and another 1989 (4) SA (A) 1042 1981 (3) SA (D) 478 1969 (3) SA (N) 374 1972 (2) SA (W) 464 1918 AD 460 1893 CLJ 252 1995 (4) SA (TSC) 994 2011 (2) SA (SCA) 157 (1905) 19 EDC 335 2003 (1) SA (SCA) 113 1995 (4) SA (W) 727 488 676, 697 713, 715 699 722 204, 205 202, 620, 623, 624 877, 878, 879, 880, 881, 882, 883, 884, 892, 942,1073,1156, 1158,1160,1161, 1162,1163,1226, 1227,1274,1275 696 690 724 322 Nel N.O. v Commissioner of In- I960 (1) SA (A) land Revenue 227 Northview Properties (Pty.) Ltd. 1951 (3) SA (A) v Lurie 688 Oakland Nominees (Pty.) Ltd. v 1976 (1) SA (A) Gelria Mining & Investment Co. 441 (Pty.) Ltd. Odendaalsrus Gold, General In- 1953 (1) SA (O) vestments and Extensions Ltd. v 600 Registrar of Deeds Oudekraal Estates (Pty.) Ltd. v 2002 (6) SA (C) City of Cape Town and others 573 Pareto Ltd. and others v Mythos 2000 (3) SA (W) Leather Manufacturing (Pty.) 999 Ltd. Parker v Mobil Oil of Southern 1979 (4) SA (NC) Africa (Pty.) Ltd. 250 Pearly Beach Trust v Registrar of 1990 (4) SA (C) Deeds 614 Perumal v Messenger of the 1953 (2) SA (N) Court and others 734 Peters, Flamman & Co. v Kok- 1919 AD 427 stad Municipality 771, 796, 800, 821, 824, 825, 826, 827, 828, 844,1081,1089, 1257,1259 383 702 525, 785, 815, 851, 852, 853, 854, 897,1073, 1109,1111,1112, 1113,1116,1190 266 678, 698 989 815, 855, 857, 859,1120,1122, 1123,1131,1187, 1263,1265 183 91 323 679 332 204 182,188 1081 572 772, 784, 796, 800, 801, 813, 814, 829 728, 760 728, 758, 760 688 680 397 town Sasfin (Pty.) Ltd. v Beukes 1989 (1) SA (A) 1 651 Peoples Dialogue on Land and Shelter and others (SEC) 1074 Port Elizabeth Municipality v 2005 (1) SA (CC Various Occupiers 217 Preston and Dixon v Biden's (1880-1884) 1 Trustee Buch AC 322 Princess Estate and Gold Mining Co., Ltd. v The Registrar of Min ing Titles 1911 TPD 1066 Provisional Trustees, Alan Dog- 1992 (1) SA (A) gett Family Trust v Karakondis and others 33 Re Estate Potgieter 1908 TS 982 Registrar of Deeds (Transvaal) v The Ferreira Deep Ltd. 1930 AD 169 Reynders v Rand Bank Bpk. 1978 (2) SA (T) 630 Ridler v Gärtner 1920 TPD 249 Ross v South Peninsula Munici 2000 (1) SA (C) pality 589 Ruskin N.O. v Thiergen 1962 (3) SA (A) 737 S.A. Hotels Ltd. v City of Cape- 1932 CPD 229 324 Schreve v Minister of Agriculture Schwedhelm v Hauman Senekal v Home Sites (Pty.) Ltd. Senekal v Roodt Shahmahomed v Hendriks and others Shell Rhodesia (PVT) Ltd. v Eliasov N.O. Shimuadi v Shirungu Smit N.O. v Die Meester Smith v Farrelly's Trustee Smith v Mukheiber and others Solomon v Du Preez Sonday v Surrey Estate Modern Meat Market (Pty.) Ltd. Sookdeyi and others v Sahadeo and others 1974 (3) SA (E) 76 1947 (1) SA (E) 127 1947 (4) SA (W) 726 1983 (2) SA (T) 602 1920 AD 151 1979 (3) SA (R) 915 1990 (3) SA (SWA) 344 1959 (4) SA (T) 13 1904 TS 949 2001 (3) SA (SCA) 591 1920 CPD 401 1983 (2) SA (C) 521 1952 (4) SA (A) 568 775, 830, 831, 832, 833, 834, 835, 836,1073, 1075,1204,1208, 1208 728, 738, 754, 760 167 569 490, 492,1223 684, 698 456 919 392 931, 932 700 232 707 325 South African Railways & Harbours v Transvaal Consolidated & Exploration Co. Ltd. Standard-Vacuum Refining Co. of S.A. (Pty.) Ltd. v Durban City Council Standard Bank v Jacobsohn's Trustee Steinberg v South Peninsula Municipality Street v Regina Manufacturers (Pty.) Ltd. Strydom en 'n ander v De Lange en 'n ander Swiss Hotels (Pty.) Ltd. v Pedersen and others Texas Co. (S.A.) Ltd. v Cape Town Municipality Three Rivers Ratepayers Associa tion and others v Northern Met ropolitan Local Council and an other Tiger-Eye Investments (Pty.) Ltd. and another v Riverview Dia mond Fields (Pty.) Ltd. Tijmstra N.O. v Blunt-MacKenzie N.O. and others Titty's Bar & Bottle Store (Pty.) Ltd. v A.B.C. Garage (Pty.) Ltd. & others 1961 (2) SA (A) 531 467 1961 (2) SA (A) 167 669 (1899) 16 SC 352 572 2001 (4) SA 339 (SCA) 1243 I960 (2) SA (T) 697 646 1970 (2) SA (T) 6 739 1966 (1) SA (C) 427, 428, 432 197 1926 AD 467 445, 455 2000 (4) SA (W) 364 377 1971 (1) SA (C) 743, 744, 745 351 2002 (1) SA (T) 563 459 1974 (4) SA (T) 435 362 326 Total South Africa (Pty.) Ltd. v Xypteras and another Trojan Exploration Co. (Pty.) Ltd. and another v Rustenburg Platinum Mines Ltd. and others Trust Bank van Afrika Bpk. v Western Bank Bpk. en andere N.N.O. Tschirpig and another v Kohrs Tulk v Moxhay Unimark Distributors (Pty.) Ltd. v ERF 94 Silvertondale (Pty.) Ltd. Union Government (Minister of Finance) v Olivier Union Government (Minister of Justice) v Bolam Van den Berg en 'n ander v Van Tonder Van den Berg v Dart and another Van der Merwe v Wiese Van der Westhuizen v McDonald and Mundei Van Heerden v Pretorius 1970 (1) SA (T) 762 592 1996 (4) SA (A) 535 499 1978 (4) SA (A) 167, 202, 620 281 1959 (3) SA (N) 743, 746, 748 287 (1884) 41 ER 410 1143 1999 (2) SA (T) 611, 680, 681, 682 986 1916 AD 74 561 1927 AD 467 272 1963 (3) SA (T) 754 558 1949 (4) SA (T) 382 884 1948 (4) SA (C) 8 226, 776, 837, 838, 840, 841, 1204,1208,1213, 1214 1907 TS 933 722 1914 AD 69 231 327 Van Rensburg N.O. and another v Nelson Mandela Metropolitan Municipality and others Van Vuren and others v Registrar of Deeds Van Zyl N.O. v Look Good Glothing CC Vansa Vanadium SA Ltd. v Reg istrar of Deeds and others Vestin Eshowe (Pty.) Ltd. v Town Council of the Borough of Eshowe Vulcan Rubber Works (Pty.) Ltd. v South African Railways and Harbours Wahloo Sand BK v Trustees, Hambly Parker Trust, en andere Webster v Ellison Westeei Engineering (Pty.) Ltd. v Sidney Clow & Co. Ltd. Westminster Bank Ltd. N.O. and others v Zinn N.O. Willoughby's Consolidated Co. Ltd. v Copthall Stores Ltd. 2008 (2) SA 429, 435, 440, 442 (SEC) 8 1907 TS 289 535 (1996) 1 All SA 154 (SEC) 305 1997 (2) SA (T) 732, 772,1073 784 1978 (3) SA (N) 457 546 1958 (3) SA (A) 681 285 2002 (2) SA (A) 739, 741 776 1911 AD 73 88 1968 (3) SA (T) 722 458 1938 AD 57 561 1913 AD 267 458,1073 1918 AD 1 732 328 Willow Waters Home-owners (2015) 1 All SA 221, 376, 885, Asssociation (Pty.) Ltd. v Koka (SCA) 562 886, 887, 888, N.O. and others (Association of 889, 892,1039, Residential Communities CC and 1073,1166,1169, another as amici curiae) 1170,1171,1172, 1173,1174,1175, 1177,1276,1277 Wilson v Smith 1956 (1) SA (W) 650 393 Woman v Hughes 1948 (3) SA (A) 187 495 Wright and another v Cockin and 2004 (4) SA (E) 364 others 207 329

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Zusammenfassung

Die hybride südafrikanische Rechtsordnung stellt aus rechtsvergleichender bzw. rechtserschließender Perspektive einen besonderen Reiz dar. Das kolonialgeschichtlich bedingte südafrikanische Zusammenspiel von römischholländischem Recht und englischem Common Law ist einzigartig. In Abwesenheit eines numerus clausus der Sachenrechte sehen sich südafrikanische Gerichte regelmäßig der Frage ausgesetzt, ob ein Recht an einer Immobilie dinglicher oder persönlicher Natur ist. Denn nur ein dingliches Recht kann in das südafrikanische Liegenschaftsregister eingetragen werden und genießt sodann dessen Schutz. Die im Laufe der Zeit entwickelten Theorien zur Unterscheidung zwischen dinglichen und persönlichen Rechten sind ebenso vielfältig wie unvollkommen. Weder lässt sich die Dinglichkeit eines Rechts anhand des jeweiligen Bezugsgegenstands bestimmen noch anhand des Personenkreises, gegenüber dem es durchsetzbar ist. Die Rechtsprechung bemüht seit über 120 Jahren den sogenannten „Subtraktions-Test“, der die Dinglichkeit anhand der mit dem Recht korrespondierenden Pflicht zu bestimmen versucht. Nur wenn diese Pflicht eine Subtraktion vom Eigentum darstelle, sei das entsprechende Recht dinglicher Natur. Anhand einer umfassenden Auswertung südafrikanischer Rechtsquellen arbeitet Arne Schmieke erstmalig die dort vorherrschende Herangehensweise hinsichtlich der Unterscheidung zwischen dinglichen und persönlichen Rechten an Immobilien in deutscher Sprache heraus und konzentriert die vorhandenen Theorien in einem einheitlichen Lösungsansatz.