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Appendix 2: Index of Names of People(Cornelis Hulsman) in:

Cornelis Hulsman (Ed.)

From Ruling to Opposition, page 209 - 220

Islamist Movements and Non-Islamist Groups in Egypt 2011-2013

1. Edition 2017, ISBN print: 978-3-8288-3837-6, ISBN online: 978-3-8288-6739-0, https://doi.org/10.5771/9783828867390-209

Series: Anwendungsorientierte Religionswissenschaft, vol. 9

Tectum, Baden-Baden
Bibliographic information
Appendix 2: Index of Names of People (Cornelis Hulsman803) References are made to Appendix 1 if people have been interviewed. Names of Arabic names are given in alphabetical order of their first name since names in the Arab world are mostly name strings; first name is given, the second name is the first name of father, the third name is the first name of grandfather and the fourth name, if used, is the first name of the great grandfather. Western names, however, in this list have been sorted by family names followed by their first name. IJMES Transliteration Common spelling (if used) Description Presidents and last king of Egypt (names not repeated in index of chapters 2-6) ‘Abd al-Fattah al-Sisi Abdel Fattah el-Sisi 2014- ‘ Adli Mansür Adly Mansour 2013-2014 Muhammad Mursi Mohamed Morsi 2012-2013 Muhammad Husayn al- Tantawi Mohamed Hussein Tantawi Chairman of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces between Mubarak's ouster and Mursi's presidency the de-facto ruler of Egypt. Husni Mubarak Hosni Mubarak 1981-2011 Anwar al-Sadat Anwar Sadat 1970-1981 [amal ‘Abd al-Nasir Gamal Abdel Nasser 1956-1970 Muhammad Najib Muhammad Naguib 1952-1956 King Farüq I Farouk I 1936-1952, died in exile in 1965 Chapter 2: The Political Participation of the Muslim Brotherhood ‘Abd al-Jalil al-Sharnübi Abd al-Gelil al-Sharnuby Egyptian journalist and for mer Muslim Brother. ‘Abd al-Mun‘im Abü al- Futüh Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh See Appendix 1 ‘Abd al-Mun‘im al- Mashshat Abdel-Monem al-Mashat See Appendix 1 ‘Abd al-Rahim ‘Ali See Appendix 1 With the assistance of Alastair White, Catherine Volkmann and Eildert Mulder. 209 ‘Abd al-Rahmän al-Barr Guidance Council member and Brotherhood Mufti. ‘Abd al-Wahhäb al-Masiri Abdel Wahhab Al-Massiri Islamist political thinker and author. ‘Abü al-‘Ila Mädi Co-founder al-Wasat Party in 1996. ‘Ädil As‘ad al-Khayyät Adel Asaad al-Khayyat Member of the Jamä 'a al- Islämiyya, the group responsible for the 1997 massacre in Luxor, nominated by presi dent Mursi as governor of Luxor in June 2013 resulting in mass protests and his res ignation one week later. Ahmad Kamäl See Appendix 1 Ahmad ‘Abd al-Rahmän Father Hasan al-Bannä (1906 1949). Ahmad al-Tayyib Ahmed el-Tayeb Shaykh al-Azhar since 2010. Ahmad Najib See Appendix 1 Ahmad Shafiq Ahmed Shafik Prime Minister in 2011, Presidential candidate in 2012. ‘Ali Khafäji See Appendix 1 Amir ‘Abd al- Rahmän Brother Hasan al-Bannä. ‘Amr Darräj Amr Darrag See Appendix 1 Anonymousworking mem ber of the Muslim Brother hood See Appendix 1 Bäkinäm al-Sharqäwi Pakinam Sharqawi Cairo University professor of Political Science who became assistant to President Mursi. Brown, Nathan J. Professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington Univer sity (USA). Dinä Zakariyya Husayn See Appendix 1 Fätima Al-Zanäti Fatma El-Zanaty Professor of Statistics at Cairo University. George Naji Masiha IbrähimGeorge Messiha See Appendix 1 210 Hamdin Sabähi Hamdeen Sabahi Nasserist Presidential candi date in 2012 and 2014. Hasan al-Bannä Hassan al-Banna 1906-1949, founder Muslim Brotherhood. Hasan al-Hudaybi Hassan al-Hudaybi Second Supreme Guide Mus lim Brotherhood, 1951-1973. Hishäm Za‘zü‘ Hisham Zazou Minister of Tourism with a brief interval since 2012. Hudä al-‘Awad Hoda Awad Professor Political Science Misr International Universi ty, Secretary of the Center for Arab-West Understanding, Egypt- Ibrähim al-Hudaybi See Appendix 1 Imäm al-Shahid ‘Abd al- Rahmän Brother Hasan al-Bannä. Ishtishhäd al-Bannä See Appendix 1 Isläm Lutfi Isläm Lutfi Former Muslim Brother, cofounder Egyptian Current Party in June 2011. ‘Issäm al-Haddäd Essam el-Haddad See Appendix 1 ‘Issäm al-‘Iriyän Essam el-Erian Muslim Brotherhood leader, Vice-Chairman Freedom and [ustice Party. In prison since 2013. ‘Issäm Sultän Co-founder al-Wasat Party in 1996. Jamäl ‘Abd al-Rahmän. Better known as Jamäl al-Bannä Gamal al-Banna See Appendix 1 Jamäl al-Din al-Afghäni [slamic reformist thinker (1838-1897) opposed to colonialism. Jihäd al- Haddäd Son of ‘Issäm al- Haddäd and the Brotherhood official responsible for economic re covery, in prison since 2013. Kamäl al-Hilbäwi See Appendix 1 211 Khayrat al-Shätir Khayrat al-Shater Member of al-Nizam al-Khass (the militant wing of the Bro therhood) before his return to Egypt after the death of Supreme Guide Umar al- Tilmisäni in 1986. Since 2004 Deputy Supreme Guide Mus lim Brotherhood. He was rejected participation in the 2012 presidential elections. In prison since 2013. Khalil al-‘Anäni Political analyst at al-siyasa aldawliyya (Foreign Policy) Mahmüd ‘Izzat Mahmoud Ezzat Member of al-Nizam al-Khass (the militant wing of the Bro therhood) before his return to Egypt after the death of Su preme Guide Umar al- Tilmisäni in 1986. Left in 2013 for Turkey. Ma’mün al- Hudaybi Sixth Supreme Guide Muslim Brotherhood, 2002-2004. Meijer, Roel Senior researcher on the Middle East at the Clingendael Institute, The Netherlands. Mitchell, Richard P. Professor of Near Eastern History at the University of Michigan, USA (1925-1983). Muhammad ‘Abd Allah See Appendix 1 Muhammad ‘Abduh [slamic liberal reformer (1849-1905). Muhammad al-Baräda‘i Mohammed el-Baradei Egyptian opposition leader, vice-president July-August 2013. Muhammad al-Biltaji Mohamed Beltagy Muslim Brotherhood leader who played a prominent role in the Raba 'a al- 'Adawiyya sitin. In prison since 2013. Muhammad al-Qazzäz Former Muslim Brother, cofounder Egyptian Current Party in June 2011. 212 Muhammad Badi‘ Mohamed Badie Eighth Supreme Guide Mus lim Brotherhood since 2010. [n prison since 2013. Muhammad Habib Deputy General Guide Mus lim Brotherhood during Muhammad Mahdi ‘Äkif, resigned in 2009, left the Bro therhood and became a critic of president Mursi. Muhammad Mahdi ‘Äkif Seventh Supreme Guide Muslim Brotherhood, 2004 2010. Muhammad Rashid Ridä Islamic reformist thinker (1865-1935) opposed to colonialism. Märiz Tädrus Mariz Tadros Research fellow Institute of DevelopmentStudies (UK). Nähid Lam‘iJirjis Nahid Lamei Georgios Coptic member of the FJP General Assembly and FJP's Public Relations Committee in Giza. Nädiya Mustafä See Appendix 1 Rafiq Habib Egyptian-Christian researcher, Vice President of the FJP, 2011-2012. Safwät Hijäzi Safwat Hegazy See Appendix 1 Sa‘d al-Katätni Senior FJP leader who be came speaker of the Parlia ment in 2012. Sanä‘ al-Bannä See Appendix 1 Sämih Sayf al-Yazal See Appendix 1 Samir Marqus Samir Marcos Coptic Liberal assistant to President Mursi, August November 2012. Sämüil Tädrus Samuel Tadros Research Fellow at Hudson Institute's Center for Reli gious Freedom (USA). Sayyid Qutb Muslim Brotherhood ideologue (1906-1966) hanged by [amäl ‘Abd al-Näsir. Tawädrüs II (Pope) Tawadros II (Pope) Coptic Orthodox Pope since 2012. 213 Trager, Eric Expert on Egyptian politics and the Muslim Brotherhood at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy. ‘Umar al-Tilmisäni Third Supreme Guide Mus lim Brotherhood, 1972-1986. Usäma Farid See Appendix 1 Wafä’Hafni See Appendix 1 Wä‘il Hadära Wael Haddara See Appendix 1 Walid al-Haddäd Walid el-Haddad See Appendix 1 Wickham, Carrie Rosefsky Associate Professor of Politi cal Science at the Emory Uni versity (USA). Yusuf Sidhum Yousef Sidhom Editor-in-chief of the Coptic owned weekly Watani since 1986. Chapter 3: Salafi political participation and the "Islamic Project" ‘Abd al-Mun’im Abü al-Futüh See Appendix 1 ‘Abd al-Rahmän ‘Abd al- Khäliq Leading Salafi shaykh who believed in 2012 that the po litical climate is not ready for an Islamist president but Egypt needs a pious presi dent. Abü Ishäq al-Hiwini Abu Ishaq al Heweny Leading Salafi shaykh who believes that politics is a gov ernment scheme to draw power away from Islamic movements. Ahmad al-Qadri ‘Abd al- Saläm Ahmed Kadry Abdelsalam See Appendix 1 Anonymous former member of al-Nür and al-Watan Parties See Appendix 1 Bassäm al-Zarqä See Appendix 1 Drevon, Jerome See Appendix 1 Häni Fawzi See Appendix 1 214 Häzim Saläh Abu Ismä‘il Hazem Salah Abu Is mail Leading Salafi shaykh who became involved in politics. Rejected as presidential candidate in 2012. Hishäm Qandil Prime Minister during Mursi, 2012-2013. Ihäb Shiha See Appendix 1 ‘Imäd ‘Abd al-Ghafür See Appendix 1 ‘Issäm al-Sharif See Appendix 1 Khälid Mansür See Appendix 1 Mahmüd Fathi See Appendix 1 Muhammad ‘Abd al-Maqsüd Leading Salafi shaykh of al- Da 'wa al-Salafiyya who be came involved in politics. Muhammad Ahmad See Appendix 1 Muhammad Hasan Leading Salafi shaykh of al- Da 'wa al-Salafiyya rejected democracy and subsequent involvement in politics. Muhammad Ismä‘il al- Muqaddim See Appendix 1 Muhammad Saläh See Appendix 1 Nädiya Mustafä See Appendix 1 Nädir Bakkär See Appendix 1 Sharaf al-Din al-Jibäli See Appendix 1 Yäsir Burhämi Yasser Borhamy Leading Salafi shaykh of al- Da 'wa al-Salafiyya who be came involved in politics through al-Nür Party. Yünis Makhiyyün Leading member of al-Nür Party who said that women should not be in electable positions. 215 Chapter 4: Al-Jama‘a al-Islamiyya: The Burden of History on Internal Transition ‘Abbüd al-Zumar Supplied the weapons involved in the assassination of Anwar al-Sädät. Elected in May 2011 as member Guid ance Council of al-Jamä 'a al- Islämiyya. ‘Abd al-Äkhir Hammäd Reportedly al-Jamä 'a al- Islämiyya's spiritual leader. ‘Abd al-Mun‘im Abü al- Futüh Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh See namelist Chapters 2 and 3 Ahmad Shafiq Ahmed Shafik See namelist Chapter 2 ‘Ala’Abü al-Nasr See Appendix 1 ‘Ali Dinari Elected in May 2011 as mem ber of the Guidance Council of al-Jamä 'a al-Islämiyya. ‘Äsim ‘Abd al-Mäjid Leader of the al-Jamä 'a al- Islämiyya. Elected in May 2011 as member of the Guid ance Council. Drevon, Jerome See Appendix 1 Häzim Saläh Abü Ismä‘il Hazem Salah Abu Is mail See namelist Chapter 3 Husayn ‘Abd al-‘Äl Elected in May 2011 as mem ber of the Guidance Council of al-Jamä 'a al-Islämiyya. Ismä‘il Alexanderni Ismä'il Alexanderni See Appendix 1 ‘Issäm Darbäla Elected in May 2011 as presi dent of the Guidance Council of al-Jamä 'a al-Islämiyya. ‘Izzat al-Salamüni Ezzat al-Salamony See Appendix 1 Meijer, Roel See namelist Chapter 2 Muhammad ‘Umar ‘Abd al- Rahmän See Appendix 1 Näjih Ibrähim Nagih Ibrahim Ideologue al-Jamä 'a al- Islämiyya and its vicepresident in the 1980s. Elected in the ninth and last place in the Guidance Coun cil after the January 25 Revo lution and decided to withdraw. 216 Karam Zuhdi Ideologue al-Jamä 'a al- Islämiyya and its president in the 1980s. Not re-elected in the Guidance Council after the January 25 Revolution. Khälid al-Islämbüli Khalid Islambouli The assassin of al-Sädät. Khayrat al-Shätir See namelist Chapter 2 Mamdüh Sarür See Appendix 1 Näsir ‘Abd al-Saläm Elected in 2011 as President of he Building and Develop ment Party by the Guidance Council of al-Jamä 'a al- Islämiyya. Saläh Häshim Elected in May 2011 as mem ber of the Guidance Council of al-Jamä 'a al-Islämiyya. Safwat ‘Abd al-Ghani Elected in May 2011 as mem ber of the Guidance Council of al-Jamä 'a al-Islämiyya. Elected has the head of the Parliamentary bloc of the Building and Development Party in 2012. Sharaf al-Din al-Jibäli See Appendix 1 Täriq al-Zumar Tarek al-Zumar Elected in May 2011 as mem ber of the Guidance Council of al-Jamä 'a al-Islämiyya. Elected in June 2011 by the Council as head of the Politi cal Office of the Building and Development Party. ‘Umar ‘Abd al-Rahmän Omar Abdel Rahman "The blind shaykh," convicted in the USA of seditious conspiracy. Usäma Häfiz Elected in May 2011 as vicepresident of the Guidance Council of al-Jamä 'a al- Islämiyya. 217 Chapter 5: Non-Political Islamists: The Jihadi Salafis and the Situation in Sinai ‘Abd al-Basit al-Fashni See Appendix 1 Abü Faysal A veteran of al-Tawhid wa-l- Jihäd and Salafi Shari'a court judge in al-‘Arish. ‘Ädil Shahata Jihädi Salafi possibly linked to militants in Sinai. Ahmad ‘Ashüsh See Appendix 1 Ahmad Talat Ahmed Talaat See Appendix 1 Ashraf (protester) See Appendix 1 Ayman al-Zawahiri Leader of al-Qä 'ida. Hitler, Adolf Führer of Germany (1934 1945). Ibrahim al-Mina‘i Leader of the Sawärka tribe in Sinai who was killed in Au gust 2013 by unknown mili tants. The tribe is divided. Khalaf al-Mina‘i Khalaf al-Mina'i Son of Ibrahim al-Mina'i, killed with his father by un known militants in August 2013. Khayrat al-Shatir See namelist Chapter 2 Muhammad Jamal al-Kashif (also known as Abü Ahmad) [mprisoned leading jihädi Salafi due to his connection with the Benghazi attack on the American consulate in September 2012. Muhammad ‘Ali Muhammad Ali Ruler of Egypt from 1805 to 1848. Muhammad al-Zawahiri Jihädi Salafi, brother of Ay man al-Zawahiri, leader of al- Qä ida. Mu‘ammar al-Qaddäfi Muammar al-Gaddafi President of Libya, 1969-2011. Muhammad al-Biltaji Mohamed Beltagy See namelist Chapter 2 Ramzi Muwafi Jihädi Salafi, former medical doctor of Usama bin Ladin. ‘Umar ‘Äshür Omar Ashour Visiting Fellow at the Brookings Doha Center. Usama bin Ladin Founder and leader of al- Qä 'ida until his death in 2011. Yasir Burhami Yasser Al Borhamy See Chapter 3 218 Chapter 6: Non-Islamist Political Actors in Egypt ‘Abd Allah al-Mughäzi See Appendix 1 ‘Abd al-Majid Mahmüd Abdel Maguid Mahmoud Public prosecutor appointed by Mubärak. President Mursi tried to sack him in October 2012 but failed but ultimately did so with his infamous Constitutional Declaration on November 22, 2015. Ahmad ‘Abd Allah A leader in the April 6 Movement's political bureau. Ahmad Mähir One of the founders of the April 6 Movement. Ahmad Shafiq Ahmed Shafik See namelist Chapter 2 Amal Sharaf See Appendix 1 ‘Amr Hamzäwi Amr Hamzawy See Appendix 1 ‘Amr Müsä Amr Moussa Chairman Constituent As sembly of 2013, Presidential candidate in 2012, Secretary- General of the League of Arab States, 2001-2011, Mi nister of Foreign Affairs, 1991-2001. ‘Äsim Mimün Assem Memon See Appendix 1 ’Äsmä’ Mahfüz One of the founders of the April 6 Movement. Hamdin Sabähi Hamdeen Sabahi See namelist Chapter 2 Ibrahim Mahlab Prime Minister 2014-2015. famäl Mubärak Gamal Mubarak Son of President Mubärak. Until the 2011 Revolution the deputy secretary-general of the National Democratic Party and head of its influential Policies Committee. Khälid Däwüd See Appendix 1 Khayrat al-Shätir See namelist Chapter 2 Mahä ‘Abd al-Näsir See Appendix 1 Mahmüd Badr Mahmoud Badr See Appendix 1 Muhammad ‘Abd al-Latif See Appendix 1 219 Muhammad al-Baräda‘i Mohamed El-Baradei Director General of the Inter national Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), 1997-2009. Major opposition figure in 2011-2013, briefly vicepresident of Egypt. Resigned with the bloody dispersal of the pro- Mursi sit-ins. Muhammad ‘Aziz See Appendix 1 Nabil Hilmi Liberal, professor of Interna tional Law at Zagazig Uni versity. Nuhä al-Mikäwi Noha El Mikawy Political scholar. Rabäb al-Mahdi Rabab al Mahdi Political scholar. Rämi al-Suwisi See Appendix 1 Safwat Hijäzi Safwat Hegazi See Appendix 1 Sayyid al-Tükhi See Appendix 1 Walid al-Masri See Appendix 1 Publications in transliteration and the own spellings as provided by these publications Al-Shurüq Al Shorouk Al-Misri al-Yawm Almasry Alyoum Al-Watan Elwatan Al-Yawm al-Säbi‘ El-Youm El-Sabaa 220

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Abstract

In 2013, a group of researchers had the unique chance to interview 61 Egyptian Islamists and their opponents both prior to and after Egypt’s military ousted President Mursī on July 3. Up to that time, Islamists with very different political perspectives were hopeful that they would be able to realize the implementation of sharīa and to create a utopian Islamic state. After the coup, many of them rejected the transformation and a number became involved in militant attacks on police, military and the judiciary. This resulted in harsh government responses. Their criticism has been muted, but they still exist. The interviews document authentic voices during this period of major political transformations. A must read for anyone who wants to understand contemporary Egypt.