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Angelika C. Dankert

Europe under Pressure, page 159 - 176

The Development of the European Union under the Influence of the Arab Spring, the Refugee Crisis and the Global Threat of Terrorism

1. Edition 2017, ISBN print: 978-3-8288-3971-7, ISBN online: 978-3-8288-6688-1, https://doi.org/10.5771/9783828866881-159

Series: Wissenschaftliche Beiträge aus dem Tectum Verlag: Rechtswissenschaften, vol. 93

Tectum, Baden-Baden
Bibliographic information
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Asylbewerberleistungsgesetz (English: Benefits for Asylum Seekers Act) in the version of the application of 30 June 1993 (BGBl. I 1074), last amended through Article 20 G of 23 December 2016 (BGBl. I 3234, 3334). Asylgesetz (English: Asylum Law) in the version of 2 September 2008 (BGBl. I 1798), amended through Article 2 (2) of the law from 4 November 2016 (BGBl. I 2460). Asylverfahrensgesetz (English: Asylum Procedure Law) in the version of the publication of 2 September 2008, amended through the law of 17 December 2008 (BGBl. I 2586). Aufenthaltsgesetz (English: Residence Act) in the publication of 25 February 2008 (BGBl. I 162), last amended through law of 4 November 2016 (BGBl. I 2460). Bundeskindergeldgesetz (English: Federal Law on Family Allowances) in the publication of 28 January 2009 (BGBl. I 142, 3177), last amended through Article 3 (11) of the law from 26 July 2016 (BGBl. I 1824). Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (2000/C 364/01) signed on 12 December 2007, entry into force on 1 December 2009 (OJEU C 364/1). Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice, signed on 26 June 1945, entry into force on 24 October 1945. Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, signed on 4 November 1950 (‘European Convention on Human Rights’), entry into force in Germany after ratification on 5 December 1952 (BGBl. II 14). Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement between the Governments of the States of the Benelux Economic Union, the Federal Republic of Germany and the French Republic on the gradual abolition of checks at their common borders of 19 June 1990 (‘Schengen Implementation Agreement‘) (BGBl. II 1993, p. 1013 et seq.). Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, United Nations, Treaty Series Vol. 1954, Treaties and international agreements, p. 137–220, No. 2545 (BGBl. 1953 II 559) . 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Regulation (EC) No. 562/2006 (OJEU L 105/1−32) of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2006, enforced since 13 October 2006 establishing a Community Code on the rules governing the movement of persons across borders (‘Schengen Borders Code’). Regulation (EC) No. 604/2013 (OJEU L 180/31) of 26 June 2013 establishing the criteria and mechanisms for determining the member state responsible for examining an application for international protection lodged in one of the member states by a third-country national or a stateless person (‘Dublin III’). Bibliography 174 Regulation (EU) No. 604/2013 (OJEU L 180/3) of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 establishing the criteria and mechanisms for determining the member state responsible for examining an application for international protection lodged in one of the member states by a third-country national or a stateless person (recast). Schengen Convention from 19 June 1990 applying the Schengen Agreement of 14 June 1985 between the Governments of the States of the Benelux Economic Union, the Federal Republic of Germany and the French Republic on the gradual abolition of checks at their common borders (GMBl. 1986, p. 79 et seq.). Sozialgesetzbuch II (English: Social Security Statute Book) reformed through publication of 13 May 2011 (BGBl. I 850, 2094), last amended Article 2 G of 18 July 2016 (BGBl. I 1710). Staatsangehörigkeitsgesetz (English: Nationality Law) (BGBl. III, Gliederungsnummer 102–1), last amended through Article 3 of the law from 11 October 2016 (BGBl. I 2218). Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty of the European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts, commonly known as the Amsterdam Treaty, signed on 2 October 1997, entry into force on 1 May 1999 (BGBl. 1998 II 386). Treaty on the European Union of 26 October 2012 (OJ 2012 C326). 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Abstract

The past years were characterized by a massive influx of migrants crossing the Union’s external borders seeking asylum. Illegal migration, exploitation of social welfare systems, foreign infiltration and the instrumentalization of religion condensed in terror attacks determine today’s changed attitude towards foreigners, refugees and migrants and therefore strongly impact the current European political agenda.

Angelika C. Dankert describes the development of the EU and provides information on events that led to the creation and the spill-over of the Arab Spring. Roots and origin of Jihadist ideology as well as goals of religiously motivated terrorism are illustrated and European standards on morals and values are critically questioned. Through investigation of current matters in the field of law, security and interculturality, this book reveals the biggest geopolitical challenge of the 21st century.